Eating Habits and Lifestyles among a Sample of Obese Working Egyptian Women


  • Nayera E. Hassan Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki (Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza
  • Saneya A. Wahba Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki (Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza
  • Sahar A. El-Masry Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki (Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza
  • Enas R. Abd Elhamid Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki (Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza
  • Samia A. W. Boseila Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki (Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza
  • Nihad H. Ahmed Nutrition and Food Science Department, National Research Centre, Dokki (Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza
  • Tarek S. Ibrahim Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki (Affiliation ID 60014618), Giza



Body mass index, obesity, dietary habits, physical activity, sedentary behavior, working women


BACKGROUND: The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended.

AIM: To figure out food habits and different lifestyle pattern among a sample of Egyptian females working at the National Research Centre.

METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study, including 138 overweight and obese Egyptian females (BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m2); working at the National Research Centre; was done. A specific questionnaire was used to gather information regarding lifestyle including dietary habits, physical activity and sedentary behaviour.

RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight among the studied subjects was 27%, while that of obesity was 38%. Missing and or infrequent intake of breakfast at home, frequent consumption of snacks, low serving per day of fruits and vegetables with frequent consumption of sweets, fried food, eating while watching TV and sedentary behaviour were all predictors of obesity and overweight among the current sample.

CONCLUSION: The present study identified several lifestyle factors and improper dietary habits associated with overweight and obesity among Egyptian females. There is a great need to change these habits to avoid the increasing risk of obesity. A national plan of action to overcome obesity is urgently needed to reduce its economic and health burden.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block


World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation. World Health organ Tech Rep Ser. 2010; 894: i-xii 1-253.

Yahia N, Achkar A, Abdallah A, Rizk S. Eating habits and obesity among Lebanese university students. Nutr J. 2008;7:32.

Spanos D, Hankey CR. The habitual meal and snacking patterns of university students in two countries and their use of vending machines. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2010;23(1):102-7.

Thompson JL, Allen P, Cunningham-Sabo L, Yazzie DA, Curtis M, Davis SM. Environmental, policy, and cultural factors related to physical activity in sedentary American Indian women. Women Health. 2002;36(2):59-74.

Merchant AT, Dehghan M, Behnke-Cook D, Anand SS. Diet, physical activity, and adiposity in children in poor and rich neighbourhoods: a cross-sectional comparison. Nutr J. 2007;11(6):1.

Monteiro CA, Conde WL, Lu B, Popkin BM. Obesity and inequities in health in the developing world. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004;28(9):1181-6.

O'Dea JA, Wilson R. Socio-cognitive and nutritional factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: possibilities for childhood obesity prevention. Health Educ Res. 2006;21(6):796-805.

Wang Y, Monteiro C, Popkin BM. Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002; 75: 971-977.

Hanley AJ, Harris SB, Gittelsohn J, Wolever TM, Saksvig B, Zinman B. Overweight among children and adolescents in a Native Canadian community: prevalence and associated factors. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000;71(3):693-700.

Nicklas TA, Baranowski T, Cullen KW, Berenson G. Eating patterns, dietary quality and obesity. J Am Coll Nutr. 2001;20(6):599-608.

Triches RM, Giugliani ER. Obesity, eating habits and nutritional knowledge among school children. Rev Saude Publica. 2005;39(4):541-7.

Sotoudeh G, Khosravi S, Khajehnasiri F, Khalkhali HR. High prevalence of overweight and obesity in women of Islamshahr, Iran. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2005;14(2):169-72.

Kulie T1, Slattengren A, Redmer J, Counts H, Eglash A, Schrager S. Obesity and women's health: an evidence-based review. J Am Board Fam Med. 2011;24(1):75-85.

Tanner JM, Hiernaux J, Jarman S. “Growth and physique studies,†in Human Biology: A Guide to Field Methods, Weiner J. S. and Lourie J. A., Eds., pp. 315–340, IBP. London Blackwell Publications, Oxford, UK, 1969.

WHO. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health, 2004. Available at:

Giovannucci E, Colditz G, Stampfer MJ, Rimm EB, Litin L, Sampson L, Willett WC. The assessment of alcohol consumption by a simple self-administered questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol. 1992;133(8):810-7.

Shaheen F, Hathout M, Tawfik A. Prevalence of obesity in Egypt. National survey, final report. Cairo National Nutrition Institute, 2004.

WHO. Action plan for the global strategy for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases, 2008–2013. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2008.

Egypt Demographic and Health Survey. Nutritional status. Chapter 14, 2008:pp.183-195.

Hassan NE, El-Masry SA, Elshebini SM, Al-Tohamy M, Ahmed NH, Abdel Rasheed E, El-Saeed GS, Hassan NM, Zikri EN, El Hussieny MS. Comparison of Three Protocols: Dietary Therapy and Physical Activity, Acupuncture, or Laser Acupuncture in Management of Obese Females. Maced J Med Sci. 2014; 7(2):191-197.

Ma Y, Bertone ER, Stanek EJ 3rd, Reed GW, Hebert JR, Cohen NL, Merriam PA, Ockene IS. Association between eating patterns and obesity in a free-living US adult population. Am J Epidemiol. 2003;158(1):85-92.

Musaiger A. O. and Al-Ahdal E. “Social and dietary factors associated with obesity among women in Saudi Arabia,†in Obesity in the Arab World, Musaiger A. O., Ed., Arab Center for Nutrition, Bahrain, 2010.

Kerkadi A. Evaluation of nutritional status of United Arab Emirates university female students. Emir J Agric Sci. 2003; 15(2): 42-50.

Cho S, Dietrich M, Brown CJ, Clark CA, Block G. The effect of breakfast type on total daily energy intake and body mass index: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). J Am Coll Nutr. 2003;22(4):296-302.

De Graaf C. Effects of snacks on energy intake: an evolutionary perspective. Appetite. 2006;47(1):18-23.

Kong A, Beresford SA, Alfano CM, Foster-Schubert KE, Neuhouser ML, Johnson DB, Duggan C, Wang CY, Xiao L, Bain CE, McTiernan A. Associations between snacking and weight loss and nutrient intake among postmenopausal overweight to obese women in a dietary weight-loss intervention. J Am Diet Assoc. 2011;111(12):1898-903.

Bertéus Forslund H, Torgerson JS, Sjöström L, Lindroos AK. Snacking frequency in relation to energy intake and food choices in obese men and women compared to a reference population. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005;29(6):711-9.

Musaiger AO. Overweight and obesity in eastern mediterranean region: prevalence and possible causes. J Obes. 2011;2011:407237.

Musaiger AO, Abuirmeileh NM. Food consumption patterns of adults in the United Arab Emirates. J R Soc Promot Health. 1968;118(3):146-50.

Amin TT, Al-Sultan AI, Ali A. Overweight and obesity and their relation to dietary habits and socio-demographic characteristics among male primary school children in Al-Hassa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Eur J Nutr. 2008;47(6):310-8.

Carol E. O’Neil, Priya Deshmukh-Taskar, Jason A. Mendoza, Theresa A. Nicklas, Yan Liu, George Relyea, Gerald S. Berenson. Dietary, Lifestyle, and Health Correlates of Overweight and Obesity in Adults 19 to 39 Years of Age. The Bogalusa Heart Study. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2012;6(4):347-358.

Guallar-Castillón P, Rodríguez-Artalejo F, Fornés NS, Banegas JR, Etxezarreta PA, Ardanaz E, Barricarte A, Chirlaque MD, Iraeta MD, Larrañaga NL, Losada A, Mendez M, Martínez C, Quirós JR, Navarro C, Jakszyn P, Sánchez MJ, Tormo MJ, González CA. Intake of fried foods is associated with obesity in the cohort of Spanish adults from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;86(1):198-205.

Hu FB, Li TY, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Manson JE. Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. JAMA. 2003;289(14):1785-91.



How to Cite

Hassan NE, Wahba SA, El-Masry SA, Abd Elhamid ER, Boseila SAW, Ahmed NH, Ibrahim TS. Eating Habits and Lifestyles among a Sample of Obese Working Egyptian Women. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2014 Dec. 28 [cited 2022 Aug. 14];3(1):12-7. Available from:



A - Basic Science

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>