Eating Habits and Lifestyles among a Sample of Obese Working Egyptian Women
Keywords:Body mass index, obesity, dietary habits, physical activity, sedentary behavior, working women
BACKGROUND: The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended.
AIM: To figure out food habits and different lifestyle pattern among a sample of Egyptian females working at the National Research Centre.
METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study, including 138 overweight and obese Egyptian females (BMI â‰¥ 25 Kg/m2); working at the National Research Centre; was done. A specific questionnaire was used to gather information regarding lifestyle including dietary habits, physical activity and sedentary behaviour.
RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight among the studied subjects was 27%, while that of obesity was 38%. Missing and or infrequent intake of breakfast at home, frequent consumption of snacks, low serving per day of fruits and vegetables with frequent consumption of sweets, fried food, eating while watching TV and sedentary behaviour were all predictors of obesity and overweight among the current sample.CONCLUSION: The present study identified several lifestyle factors and improper dietary habits associated with overweight and obesity among Egyptian females. There is a great need to change these habits to avoid the increasing risk of obesity. A national plan of action to overcome obesity is urgently needed to reduce its economic and health burden.
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