Treatment of Gingival Hyperpigmentation by Diode Laser for Esthetical Purposes

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2015.071

Keywords:

diode laser, gingival, hyperpigmentation, melanin

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Gingival hyperpigmentation is a common esthetical concern in patients with gummy smile or excessive gingival display. Laser ablation has been recognized recently as the most effective, pleasant and reliable technique. It has the advantage of easy handling, short treatment time, hemostasis, decontamination, and sterilization effect.

AIM: In the present study we wanted to explore the efficacy of a 980 nm wavelength diode laser in gingival depigmentation clinically by using both VAS and digital imaging method as means of assessment.

METHODS: Diode laser ablation was done for 15 patients who requested cosmetic therapy for melanin pigmented gums. The laser beam delivered by fiberoptic with a diameter of 320 µm, the diode laser system has 980 nm wave lengths and 3 W irradiation powers, in a continuous contact mode in all cases, the entire surface of each pigmented maxillary and mandibular gingiva that required treatment was irradiated in a single session. Clinical examination and digital image analysis were done and the patients were followed up for 3 successive months.

RESULTS: There was a statistically significant change in prevalence of bleeding after treatment, as none of the cases showed any signs of bleeding 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after ablation. No statistically significant change was observed in the prevalence of swelling after treatment The VAS evaluation demonstrated that only 4 patients complained of mild pain immediately after the procedure. No pain was perceived from the patients in the rest of the follow up period. There was no statistically significant change in prevalence of pain immediately after treatment compared to pain during treatment. There was a decrease in cases with mild pain after 1 week, 1 month as well as 3 months compared to pain during treatment and immediately after treatment.

CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, the use of diode laser was shown to be a safe and effective treatment modality that provides optimal aesthetics with minimal discomfort in patients with gingival hyperpigmentation.

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Author Biography

Hanaa M. El Shenawy, National Research Center, Cairo

Associate Professor, Orodental Division department, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

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Published

2015-08-07

How to Cite

1.
El Shenawy HM, Nasry SA, Zaky AA, Quriba MA. Treatment of Gingival Hyperpigmentation by Diode Laser for Esthetical Purposes. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2015 Aug. 7 [cited 2021 Dec. 7];3(3):447-54. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2015.071

Issue

Section

D - Dental Sciences