Neck Circumference as a Predictor of Adiposity among Healthy and Obese Children

Authors

  • Nayera E. Hassan Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo
  • Abeer Atef Department of Pediatrics, Diabetes Endocrine and Metabolism Pediatric Unit (DEMPU), New Children’s Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo
  • Sahar A. El-Masry Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo
  • Amany Ibrahim Department of Pediatrics, Diabetes Endocrine and Metabolism Pediatric Unit (DEMPU), New Children’s Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo
  • Mones M. Abu Shady Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo
  • Muhammad Al-Tohamy Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo
  • Iman H. Kamel Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo
  • Galal Ismail Ahmed Elashry Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2015.122

Keywords:

neck circumference, body mass index, children, fat distribution, blood pressure

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obesity, particularly in the upper part of body, is a major health problem. Because body mass index (BMI) does not adequately describe regional adiposity, other indices of body fatness are being explored.

OBJECTIVES: To determine if neck circumference is a valid measure of adiposity (fat distribution) among group of Egyptian children.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a cross sectional study, included 50 obese subjects, aged 7 - 12 years recruited from Endocrine, obesity and Metabolism Pediatric Unit at Children Hospital, Cairo University and 50 healthy children, age and sex matched. All children were subjected to blood pressure assessment (systolic SBP and diastolic DBP), and anthropometric assessment (body weight, height, neck circumference (NC), waist (WC) and hip (HC) circumferences, and skin fold thicknesses at three sites: biceps, triceps and sub scapular. BMI [weight (kg)/height (m2)] was calculated.

RESULTS: In healthy females, significant associations were detected between NC and SBP, DBP and all anthropometric measurements. However, in healthy males NC was not significantly associated with BMI, SBP and DBP. In the obese group; both sexes; insignificant association was found between NC and SBP, DBP, BMI and skinfold thickness.

CONCLUSION: NC is related to fat distribution among normal healthy female children. However, this relation disappears with increasing adiposity. The results do not support the use of NC as a useful screening tool for childhood obesity.

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Published

2015-11-25

How to Cite

1.
Hassan NE, Atef A, El-Masry SA, Ibrahim A, Abu Shady MM, Al-Tohamy M, Kamel IH, Ahmed Elashry GI. Neck Circumference as a Predictor of Adiposity among Healthy and Obese Children. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 25 [cited 2021 Jul. 31];3(4):558-62. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2015.122

Issue

Section

A - Basic Science

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