Artificial Hair: By the Dawn to Automatic Biofibre® Hair Implant


  • Maria Roccia University B.I.S. Group of Institutions, Punjab Technical University, Punjab
  • Katlein França University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
  • David Castillo University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
  • Georgi Tchernev Medical Institute of Ministry of Interior (MVR), Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Dermatologic Surgery, Sofia; Onkoderma, Private Clinic for Dermatologic Surgery, Onkoderma - Policlinic for Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Sofia
  • Uwe Wollina Städtisches Klinikum Dresden, Department of Dermatology and Allergology, 01067 Dresden
  • Michael Tirant Psoriasis & Skin Clinic, Melbourne
  • Yan Valle Vitiligo Research Foundation, New York
  • Claudio Guarneri Universita degli Studi di Messina, Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Dermatology, Institute of Dermatology, A.O.U. "G. Martino" , Messina 98122
  • Massimo Fioranelli G. Marconi University, Department of Nuclear Physics, Subnuclear and Radiation, Via Plinio 44, Rome 00197; Istituto Terapie Sistemiche Integrate, Viale liegi 44, Rome 00198
  • Torello Lotti Università Degli Studi "G. Marconi”, Rome



hair implant, artificial hair implant, hair surgery, alopecia, biofibre


Since the beginning of the twentieth century, there have been attempts at creating artificial hair to treat baldness. Major evolution took place at the end of 1970’s when, unfortunately, artificial hair treatments were applied without appropriate medical controls, resulting in sub-standard results from the use of unsuitable materials and technique. The large improper use of this technique in North America from no medical personnel and with dangerous fibres led the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to suspend the procedure in 1983. In Europe, a new trial on artificial hair procedure started at the beginning of 1990’s.

In 1995 the European Union (UE) recognised the artificial hair implant as a legitimate medical treatment and outlined the rules related to that procedure. In 1996, biocompatible fibres (Biofibre®) produced by Medicap® Italy were approved by the UE Authorities and by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) as medical devices for hair implant. An effective medical protocol was developed during the following years to provide correct guidelines for appropriate treatment, and to reduce possible related complications. Automatic Biofibre® hair implant represents the last achievement in this hair restoration technique with significant advantages for the patients.


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How to Cite

Roccia M, França K, Castillo D, Tchernev G, Wollina U, Tirant M, Valle Y, Guarneri C, Fioranelli M, Lotti T. Artificial Hair: By the Dawn to Automatic Biofibre® Hair Implant. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2017 Dec. 30 [cited 2023 Sep. 27];6(1):156-62. Available from:

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