Influence of Er, Cr: YSGG (2780 nm) and Nanosecond Nd: YAG Laser (1064 nm) Irradiation on Enamel Acid Resistance: Morphological and Elemental Analysis
Keywords:Enamel demineralisation, Er, Cr: YSGG laser, Nanosecond Nd: YAG laser, Enamel acid resistance
BACKGROUND: Enamel demineralisation is an initial step of the serious dental problem including dental caries, white spot lesions and dental erosion.
AIM: Compare the effect of Er, Cr: YSGG (Î» = 2780 nm) and nanosecond Nd: YAG (Î» = 1064 nm) laser on enamel acid resistance.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty non-carious human premolars, extracted for orthodontic reasons, were used. The experimental groups (n = 10 each group) were: Group I, untreated (control); Group II, Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (0.75 W, 20 Hz, 140 Î¼s, 10 s); Group III, nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation (0.8 W, 10 Hz, 7 ns, 10 s). Scanning electron microscope and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) were used to assess acquired enamel resistance to PH cycling.
RESULTS: After subjecting the three experimental groups to PH cycling, scanning electron microscopic examination revealed irregular porous dissoluted enamel surface in group I. However, groups II and III demonstrated partially dissoluted enamel surface. EDX analysis demonstrated the lowest mean percentage decrease in calcium and phosphorus content in group II followed by group III, then the highest mean percentage decrease was observed in untreated group I. One-way ANOVA revealed significant differences (p < 0.0001) between the tested groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Both Er, Cr: YSSG and nanosecond Nd: YAG laser irradiation were able to improve the acid resistance of enamel. However, enamel surface treated with Er, Cr: YSSG laser showed the lowest mean percentage decrease of calcium and phosphorus (highest acid resistance).
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