A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Dental Care Utilization Among Pregnant Women in Saudi Arabia

Authors

  • Zainab Albasry College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Bayan Alhaddad College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Mashael Abdullah Benrashed College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Asim Al-Ansari Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Muhammad Ashraf Nazir Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.870

Keywords:

Dental care, Treatment, Clinic visit, Pregnancy, Appointment

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oral and systemic problems are common among pregnant women. Routine dental visits are important for the maintenance of optimal oral health which is linked with systemic health.

AIM: To evaluate dental care utilization and related factors among pregnant women in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in hospitals and healthcare centers in the cities of Khobar, Dammam, and Qatif in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. A piloted tested self-administered questionnaire available in Arabic and English languages was distributed among a calculated sample of 341 pregnant women. Pearson's chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS: In the study, 270 questionnaires were analyzed giving a response rate of 79.2%. Mean age of the participants was 29 ± 5.9 years. There were 43.7% pregnant women who received dental treatment when they have a dental problem and only 13.7% performed routine dental visit. Half the sample (52.6%) avoided dental visits during pregnancy and dental treatment being unsafe was the most common reason for avoiding dental visits. After adjustment, routine dental visits during pregnancy were 7.38 times higher among Saudis compared with non-Saudis women (p 0.05). The participants who had a negative perception about the safety of dental treatment had significantly lower odds (OR 0.31, p 0.036) of dental attendance for routine dental visits.

CONCLUSION: Routine dental visits were low among pregnant women and many visited dentists when they had a dental problem. Negative perception about the safety of dental treatment was associated with reduced regular dental visits during pregnancy. Pregnant women should be educated about the importance of receiving dental care for the maintenance of optimal oral health.

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Published

2019-12-10

How to Cite

1.
Albasry Z, Alhaddad B, Benrashed MA, Al-Ansari A, Nazir MA. A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Dental Care Utilization Among Pregnant Women in Saudi Arabia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Dec. 10 [cited 2021 Jul. 31];7(23):4131-6. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.870

Issue

Section

D - Dental Sciences

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