@article{Fioranelli_Sepehri_Roccia_Rossi_Lotti_Barygina_Vojvodic_Vojvodic_Vlaskovic-Jovicevic_Vojvodic_Dimitrijevic_Peric-Hajzler_Matovic_Sijan_Wollina_Tirant_Nguyen_Lotti_2019, title={A Mathematical Model for the Signal of Death and Emergence of Mind Out of Brain in Izhikevich Neuron Model}, volume={7}, url={https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.774}, DOI={10.3889/oamjms.2019.774}, abstractNote={<p><strong>AIM: </strong>In this paper, using a mathematical model, we will show that for special exchanged photons, the Hamiltonian of a collection of neurons tends to a constant number and all activities is stopped. These photons could be called as the dead photons. To this aim, we use concepts of Bio-BIon in Izhikevich Neuron model.</p> <p><strong>METHODS:</strong> In a neuron, there is a page of Dendrite, a page of axon’s terminals and a tube of Schwann cells, axon and Myelin Sheath that connects them. These two pages and tube form a Bio-Bion. In a Bio-Bion, exchanging photons and some charged particles between terminals of dendrite and terminals of axon leads to the oscillation of neurons and transferring information. This Bion produces the Hamiltonian, wave equation and action potential of Izhikevich Neuron model. Also, this Bion determines the type of dependency of parameters of Izhikevich model on temperature and frequency and obtains the exact shape of membrane capacitance, resting membrane potential and instantaneous threshold potential.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Under some conditions, waves of neurons in this BIon join to each other and potential shrinks to a delta function. Consequently, total Hamiltonian of the system tends to a constant number and system of neuron act like a dead system. Finally, this model indicates that all neurons have the ability to produce similar waves and signals like waves of the mind.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>Generalizing this to biology, we can claim that neurons out of the brain can produce signals of minding and imaging and thus mind isnâ€™t confined to the brain.</p>}, number={18}, journal={Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences}, author={Fioranelli, Massimo and Sepehri, Alireza and Roccia, Maria Grazia and Rossi, Chiara and Lotti, Jacopo and Barygina, Victoria and Vojvodic, Petar and Vojvodic, Aleksandra and Vlaskovic-Jovicevic, Tatjana and Vojvodic, Jovana and Dimitrijevic, Sanja and Peric-Hajzler, Zorica and Matovic, Dusica and Sijan, Goran and Wollina, Uwe and Tirant, Michael and Nguyen, Van Thuong and Lotti, Torello}, year={2019}, month={Sep.}, pages={3121–3126} }