A Systematic Review of Tropical Disease Prevalence among Migrants


  • Mohd Afiq Arifin Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Pharmaceutical Services Division, Kelantan State Department of Health, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Chua Su Peng Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Ummi Mirza Baharudin Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Mohd Hafiz Baharudin Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Aklil Abd Rahim Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1087-4444
  • Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9090-2563
  • Azman Atil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0850-7992
  • Mohd Faizal Madrim Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Zulkhairul Naim Bin Sidek Ahmad Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0608-7528
  • Khalid Mokti Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3547-9923
  • Abdul Rahman Ramdzan Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1067-7640
  • Mohammad Saffree Jeffree Department of Public Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mohd Rohaizat Hassan Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Borneo Medical Health Research Centre (BMHRC), Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4658-6532




Migrant, Prevalence, Tropical disease, Helminth, Protozoa


BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the burden of tropical diseases among migrants into non-endemic countries.

AIM: This study aimed to systematically review the existing data of the prevalence of tropical diseases globally, including neglected tropical diseases globally.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic review reporting prevalence (including seroprevalence) of tropical diseases following the PRISMA guidelines and based on the database from PUBMED, WoS, and PROQUEST. All the identified records were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The selected articles’ quality was appraised using the mixed methods appraisal tool to ensure its quality.

RESULTS: Overall, 19 studies conducted in 13 countries published between the year 2017–2020 were included in the study. Based on the thematic analysis, two themes (type of organism) and 11 sub-themes (disease) were used. The prevalence of tropical diseases among migrants ranged from 0.2 to 31% for malaria; 3–20% for Chagas Disease; 3.2–3.5% for Giardiasis; 31.7–57.4% for Toxoplasmosis; 0.1–51%, for Schistosomiasis; 0.1–15.8%, for Strongyloidiasis; 0.3–3.8% for Trichuriasis; 0.2–0.9% for Ascariasis; 6.4–9.7% for Toxocariasis; 0.3% for Loiasis; and 0.5% for Filariasis. All migrants warrant thorough screening and testing, based on the country of origin of their last visit. Routine screening and follow-up may reduce the re-emergence of tropical disease in non-endemic countries.

CONCLUSION: Multiple approaches in managing social and health issues among migrants are vital to secure healthy labor forces for the country’s economy and development. Public health sectors should implement strategic promotive, preventive, and curative programs targeted to this group.


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How to Cite

Arifin MA, Su Peng C, Baharudin UM, Baharudin MH, Rahim MAA, Rahim SSSA, Atil A, Madrim MF, Ahmad ZNBS, Mokti K, Ramdzan AR, Jeffree MS, Hassan MR. A Systematic Review of Tropical Disease Prevalence among Migrants. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 4 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];10(F):627-35. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/10211



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