Exploring Local Values and Beliefs to Develop School-based Mental Health Anti-Stigma: A Phenomenology Study


  • Aiyub Aiyub Graduate Program, Graduate School of Doctor Mathematics and Applied Sciences (DMAS), Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia; 2Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1658-9211
  • Syarifah Rauzatul Jannah Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Marthoenis Marthoenis Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Asnawi Abdullah Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Univesitas Muhammadiyah Aceh, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Hizir Sofyan Department of Statistics, Faculty of Math and Science, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia




Mental health, Mental disorders, Adolescent, Students, Mental health stigma, Qualitative study, Indonesia


BACKGROUND: Students in middle-income countries frequently experience stigma related to mental disorders (MDs). Those with MDs are stereotyped as incompetent, uncontrollable, uncooperative, and dangerous. Stereotypes are predominantly formed and disseminated due to culture and beliefs. Therefore, it is essential to investigate, comprehend, and apply the local values and beliefs to increase the effectiveness of school-based anti-stigma programs.

AIM: This study aims to investigate the local values and beliefs related to mental health anti-stigma as early initiation of school-based anti-stigma development.

METHODS: This is an exploratory phenomenological study. A total of 30 informants were interviewed personally or participated in focus group discussions. Content analysis was performed to identify related sub-themes and themes.

RESULTS: This study identified seven themes and 15 sub-themes. The seventh theme included the importance of school-based anti-stigma, school-based anti-stigma approach, school-based anti-stigma method, media dissemination of school-based anti-stigma information, design of school-based anti-stigma information, the target group of school-based anti-stigma, and collaboration partners of school-based anti-stigma.

CONCLUSION: Adolescents in middle school frequently experience stigma regarding their mental health from their peers. Using both Islamic and mental health approaches, integrating internal and external stakeholders, dispelling unfavorable misconceptions and stereotypes, encouraging students to understand and empathize with others, and reducing the harmful effects of mental health stigma were found to help reduce the stigma of mental illness.


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How to Cite

Aiyub A, Jannah SR, Marthoenis M, Abdullah A, Sofyan H. Exploring Local Values and Beliefs to Develop School-based Mental Health Anti-Stigma: A Phenomenology Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 17];10(B):2327-36. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/10509