Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Acetic Acid-Induced Ulcerative Colitis in Rats

Authors

  • Thoria Ahmed Omar Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia, Egypt
  • Eman Sweed Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia, Egypt https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3689-2648
  • Dina Sweed Department of Pathology, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom, Menoufia, Egypt
  • Rawhia Hassan Eledel Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia, Egypt
  • Dalia Hosny Abou-Elela Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia, Egypt
  • Gehad Hikal Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia, Egypt

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.10686

Keywords:

Inflammatory bowel diseases, Ulcerative colitis, Acetic acid, Mesenchymal stem cells, Immunomodulatory, Anti-inflammatory

Abstract

Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an autoimmune inflammatory bowel disease, characterized by chronic and relapsing inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. Clinical treatments fail to reduce inflammation and induce side effects in nearly 30% of patients. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are immunomodulatory agents that can encourage tissue repair and regeneration.

Aim: To investigate the ability of MSCs to differentiate into enterocytes under the mediation of activin a, fibroblastic growth factor 2, and epidermal growth factors and to study the effect of administering MSCs to rats with acetic acid (AA)-induced UC.

Methods: MSCs isolated from the umbilical cord were induced to differentiate into enterocytes. The induced cells were morphologically evaluated by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. Forty rats were divided into four groups: control, AA-induced UC, differentiated, and undifferentiated MSC treated groups. The acute UC in rats was induced by 3% AA transrectal administration. Body weight changes, disease activity index (DAI), and histopathological and immunohistochemical CD105 and CD34 staining were recorded. IL-17, IL-10, and TGF- β levels were measured as well.

Results: In Both differentiated and undifferentiated MSCs, induced MSCs improved the DAI score and significantly recovered the pathological changes. The favorable effect of MSCs was significantly linked to CD105 overexpression and CD34 low expression. IL-10 and TGF-β levels increased while IL-17 levels decreased.

Conclusion: Both differentiated and undifferentiated MSCs showed anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects in our study. Based on our results, MSCs could become potentially useful for regenerative medicine and the clinical treatment of UC.

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Published

2022-08-27

How to Cite

1.
Omar TA, Sweed E, Sweed D, Eledel RH, Abou-Elela DH, Hikal G. Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Acetic Acid-Induced Ulcerative Colitis in Rats. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 27 [cited 2023 Mar. 31];10(A):1478-86. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/10686