Role of MicroRNAs in the Development of Chronic Liver Disease in Hepatitis Virus-Infected Egyptian Population
Keywords:Chronic liver disease, Hepatitis C Virus, Hepatocellular carcinoma, MicroRNAs
Background: The identification of miRNAs that play a role in the regulation of the viral life cycle and its related liver illness opens the door to the development of diagnostic biomarkers that can categorize patients at higher risk for developing end-stage liver disease. This study was designed to investigate the role of miRNAs in the development of viral hepatitis-induced chronic liver disease (CLD) in the Egyptian population, as well as their potential as possible diagnostic biomarkers for chronic hepatitis virus infection.
Methodology: The study involved 100 CLD patients; 55 cases of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 45 cases of non-viral hepatitis, in addition to 40 healthy controls. The expression of five miRNAs (miR‐30, miR‐122, miR‐296, miR‐351, and miR‐431) was assessed using real-time PCR.
Results: Serum levels of miR‐30, miR‐122, miR‐296, miR‐351, and miR‐431 were significantly higher in all patients than the control group (p<0.01). Also, they were significantly greater in viral hepatitis cases compared to the non-viral hepatitis group (p<0.01). The sensitivities and specificities of miR-122a, miR‐30, miR‐296, miR‐351, and miR‐431 were (85.71%, 83.33%), (82.35%, 83.33%), (85.71%, 69.44%), (88.64%, 75.76%), and (87.80%, 65.79%), respectively.
Conclusions: miR‐30, miR‐122, miR‐296, miR‐351, and miR‐431 play key roles in the development of CLD as a consequence of viral infection. So, they have the potential to be targeted for the early detection of chronic hepatitis virus infection and allow for exploring a new frontier in the discovery of innovative therapeutics to combat chronic viral infection and its serious life-threatening complications including liver cancer.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Marwa Hassan, Eman El-Ahwany, Mohamed Elzallat, Ali Abdel Rahim, Hoda Abu-Taleb, Yosry Abdelrahman, Moataz Hassanein (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Theodor Bilharz Research Institute
Grant numbers Project No: 92 Diagnosis