Relationship of Vaccination History and Pregnancy Health Protocol Compliance with Positive Antigen Test Result at Community Health Center in Medan, Indonesia

Authors

  • Sarma Nursani Lumbanraja Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia image/svg+xml
  • Reni Hayati Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9812-7661
  • Khairani Sukatendel Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Social Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Johny Marpaung Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Rusda Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Edy Ardiansyah Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Urogynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia image/svg+xml

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2023.11298

Keywords:

SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, Health protocol, Pregnant women, Community health center

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A comprehensive screening at delivery revealed that roughly 14% of pregnant women who tested positive for COVID-19 did not exhibit any symptoms. The SARS-CoV-2 antigen swab test is frequently utilized as a diagnostic technique. Inadequate implementation of health protocol compliance can enhance the vulnerability of a community to the COVID-19 virus, according to previous findings. This suggests that these health protocol compliance and the vaccination program are important for preventing and controlling the spread of the virus.

AIM: This study aims to determine the relationship of vaccination history and health protocol compliance with positive antigen swab results among pregnant women at the Community Health Center in Medan.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and observational study that was conducted in February 2022 at the Community Health Center in Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Two hundred pregnant women who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria make up the sample population. Antigen sampling for SARS-CoV-2 was performed in the Pramita laboratory. Following the collection and processing of sample and antigen swab data, IBM SPSS® version was utilized to conduct statistical analysis.

RESULTS: The result showed that four of the pregnant women were infected with COVID-19, and they accounted for 2% of the sample population. The health protocol carried out by pregnant women was not significantly related to the swab results. Therefore, vaccination history had no significant association with COVID-19 symptoms, but people who received vaccines had more negative swab test results compared to those who did not, where three out of four positive samples were unvaccinated.

CONCLUSION: Based on the results, only 2% of pregnant women were infected with COVID-19 at the Community Health Centre in Medan, because this study was carried out when COVID-19 cases had decreased. The statistical analysis results showed that the history of vaccination was not significantly related to SARS-CoV-2 antigen swab results. However, there was a clinical tendency that vaccines can reduce the number of positive cases, where three out of four positive samples were not vaccinated.

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Published

2023-02-24

How to Cite

1.
Lumbanraja SN, Hayati R, Sukatendel K, Marpaung J, Rusda M, Ardiansyah E. Relationship of Vaccination History and Pregnancy Health Protocol Compliance with Positive Antigen Test Result at Community Health Center in Medan, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 24 [cited 2024 Feb. 26];11(E):162-5. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/11298

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Public Health Epidemiology

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