The Effect of Health Education on Control Glycemic at Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients


  • Rusdiana Rusdiana Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical, University of Sumatera Utara, Jl. Dr. Mansur Kampus USU Medan, 20155, Indonesia
  • Maya Savira Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical University of Sumatera Utara, Jl. Dr. Mansur Kampus USU Medan, 20155, Indonesia
  • Sry Suryani Widjaja Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical, University of Sumatera Utara, Jl. Dr. Mansur Kampus USU Medan, 20155, Indonesia
  • Dedi Ardinata Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical, University of Sumatera Utara, Jl. Dr. Mansur Kampus USU Medan, 20155, Indonesia



Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Education, Fasting blood sugar, Glycated hemoglobin


AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of short-term education on glycemic control (glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] and fasting blood sugar [FBS]) among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending to primary health care (PHC) in Medan Johor of North Sumatera, Indonesia.

METHODS: The study was performed on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Johor PHC, Medan of North Sumatera, on 40 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We took the samples of all the patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus who attend PHC in Medan Johor. The patients received for 3 months intervention by education. An educational course of diabetes together with exercise training and nutritional education was designed for the study population in order to increase the patients’ knowledge and attitude toward diabetes and to increase their participation in the self-monitoring of glycemic control. Samples of FBS and HbA1c were recorded for each patient at the time of the baseline survey, then health education was conducted to the diabetic patients of both sexes attending PHC. The patients received standard advice on diet management and variation about activity. We put HbA1c <6.5% as cut limit for the control of diabetes mellitus.

RESULTS: All 40 type 2 diabetes patients completed the educational course. The mean of age of the samples is 62.53 years old, the mean of body mass index was 24.81 kg/m, and the mean of waist size was 92.15 cm. Before the education, the mean of FBS level was 238.83 mg/dl and the mean of Hba1c value is 8.90%. After education, the FBS was 216.88 mg/dl, the mean of HbA1c value was 8.74%.

CONCLUSION: The effect of health education in Johor Public Health Care Medan city reduced glycemic control (FBS) in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, North Sumatera, Indonesia.


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How to Cite

Rusdiana R, Savira M, Widjaja SS, Ardinata D. The Effect of Health Education on Control Glycemic at Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 25 [cited 2024 Feb. 25];8(E):133-7. Available from:



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