Analysis of the Relationship between Nutritional Influence with the Obesity Phenomenon among Primary School Students in Banda Aceh, Aceh Province, Indonesia

Authors

  • Agus Al Rahmad Department of Community Nutrition, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Health, Aceh, Indonesia
  • Yulia Fitri Department of Community Nutrition, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Health, Aceh, Indonesia
  • Suryana Suryana Department of Community Nutrition, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Health, Aceh, Indonesia
  • Nunung S. Mulyani Department of Community Nutrition, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Health, Aceh, Indonesia
  • Fajriansyah Fajriansyah Department of Environmental Health, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Health, Aceh, Indonesia
  • Hadi Abdul Department of Community Nutrition, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Health, Aceh, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.3471

Keywords:

Obesity, Sedentary, Primary school students

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity in children has reached the limit of the pandemic number. Obesity has become a major public health problem in Indonesia due to increasing prevalence. Aceh Province has a prevalence of obesity in children 6–14 years at 5.9% in 2013 and increased to 9.5% in 2017.

AIM: Analyzing the effect of fiber intake, snack foods, breakfast, and sedentary on the incidence of obesity in elementary schoolchildren in the city of Banda Aceh.

METHODS: This research used case–control design. Determination of the sample was done by probability sampling with cluster sampling technique. Study sample was of 84 children. Data collection was done by interviewing the parents, observation using questionnaires. Data analysis was carried out bivariate and using Chi-square statistical tests.

RESULTS: School food intake from daily snacks (p = 0.001, odds ratio [OR] = 5) and fiber consumption (p = 0.017, OR = 3.3) was related to the incidence of obesity in elementary schoolchildren in Banda Aceh (p < 0.05). Sedentary behavior was associated with the incidence of obesity in primary schoolchildren (p = 0.002, OR = 4.6). Breakfast is not related to the occurrence of obesity in primary schoolchildren in the city of Banda Aceh.

CONCLUSION: There was a significant influence between intake from daily snack foods, fiber consumption, and sedentary on the incidence of obesity in primary schoolchildren in the Banda Aceh City area.

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Published

2020-05-25

How to Cite

1.
Al Rahmad A, Fitri Y, Suryana S, Mulyani NS, Fajriansyah F, Abdul H. Analysis of the Relationship between Nutritional Influence with the Obesity Phenomenon among Primary School Students in Banda Aceh, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 May 25 [cited 2022 May 21];8(E):267-70. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/3471

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Public Health Disease Control

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