Analysis of Tooth Extraction Causes and Patterns
Keywords:Teeth extraction, Periodontal problems, Pattern of tooth extraction, Reasons of tooth extraction
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes and patterns of extraction of permanent teeth in the targeted population.
METHODS: The study was conducted for a period of 11 months. An especially designed form was used to record the causes for extraction of a permanent tooth. Further, it was analyzed for age, gender, education, occupation, smoking, tooth position, endodontic treatment, chewing, esthetics, needs replacement, type of existing prosthesis, and causes for extraction. The various causes which were considered to determine association with the tooth extraction were dental caries, periodontal problems, trauma, orthodontics, prosthodontic failures, endodontic failures, and others.
RESULTS: The percentage of extractions was almost the same in males and females aged. Maximum extractions were noticed in 36â€“45 years of age group (32.5%). The presence of caries was observed to be the main reason for extraction (68.1%), followed by periodontal problems (17.6%) and orthodontic problems (4.8%). The most frequently extracted posterior teeth were first mandibular molar (22.2%), followed by the third maxillary molar (15.2%).
CONCLUSION: Dental caries was found to be the most common reason for the extraction of teeth. Molar teeth were found to be the most frequently extracted, with an increased number of extracted first premolars as a result of orthodontic treatment. Maxillary teeth are extracted more than mandibular, mainly due to caries and periodontal problems.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Rania A. Shareef, Saurabh Chaturvedi , Ghazala Suleman, Asim Elsir Elmahdi, Mohamed Fadul A. Elagib (Author)
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