Analysis of Tooth Extraction Causes and Patterns
Keywords:Teeth extraction, Periodontal problems, Pattern of tooth extraction, Reasons of tooth extraction
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes and patterns of extraction of permanent teeth in the targeted population.
METHODS: The study was conducted for a period of 11 months. An especially designed form was used to record the causes for extraction of a permanent tooth. Further, it was analyzed for age, gender, education, occupation, smoking, tooth position, endodontic treatment, chewing, esthetics, needs replacement, type of existing prosthesis, and causes for extraction. The various causes which were considered to determine association with the tooth extraction were dental caries, periodontal problems, trauma, orthodontics, prosthodontic failures, endodontic failures, and others.
RESULTS: The percentage of extractions was almost the same in males and females aged. Maximum extractions were noticed in 36â€“45 years of age group (32.5%). The presence of caries was observed to be the main reason for extraction (68.1%), followed by periodontal problems (17.6%) and orthodontic problems (4.8%). The most frequently extracted posterior teeth were first mandibular molar (22.2%), followed by the third maxillary molar (15.2%).
CONCLUSION: Dental caries was found to be the most common reason for the extraction of teeth. Molar teeth were found to be the most frequently extracted, with an increased number of extracted first premolars as a result of orthodontic treatment. Maxillary teeth are extracted more than mandibular, mainly due to caries and periodontal problems.
Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block
Caldas AF Jr. Reasons for tooth extraction in a Brazilian population. Int Dent J. 2000;50(5):267-73. PMid:15988885
Richards W, Ameen J, Coll AM, Higgs G. Reasons for tooth extraction in four general dental practices in South Wales. Br Dent J. 2005;198(5):275-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/ sj.bdj.4812119 PMid:15870746
Reich E, Hiller KA. Reasons for tooth extraction in the western states of Germany. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1993;21(6):379-83. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.1993. tb01103.x PMid:8306617
Mosha HJ, Lema PA. Reasons for tooth extraction among Tanzanians. East Afr Med J. 1991;68(1):10-4. PMid:2060474
Mieler I, Vahnauer D. Statistical analysis of reasons for tooth extraction with special reference to periodontal diseases. Dtsch Stomatol. 1970;20(1):42-52. PMid:5263718
Al-Shammari KF, Al-Ansari JM, Al-Melh MA, Al-Khabbaz AK. Reasons for tooth extraction in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15(6):417-22. https://doi.org/10.1159/000095486 PMid:17047347
Dixit LP, Gurung CK, Gurung N, Joshi N. Reasons underlying the extraction of permanent teeth in patients attending peoples dental college and hospital. Nepal Med Coll J. 2010;12(4):203-6. PMid:21744759
Kashif M, Mehmood K, Ayub T, Aslam M. Reasons and patterns of tooth extraction in a tertiary care hospital-a cross sectional prospective survey. Liaquat Univ Med Health Sci. 2014;13:125-9.
Desar B, Sharma PB, Rajani S. Rajani S. To find out the causes of extraction of teeth in the patients coming to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery at Kantipur dental college teaching hospital and research center from January 2014 to December 2018. Am J Biomed Sci Res. 2019;2(2):93-7. https:// doi.org/10.34297/ajbsr.2019.02.000580
Ong G, Yeo JF, Bhole S. A survey of reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in Singapore. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1996;24(2):124-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.1996. tb00828.x PMid:8654033
Daâ€™ameh D. Reasons for permanent tooth extraction in the North of Afghanistan. J Dent. 2006;34(1):48-51. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jdent.2005.02.009 PMid:15908098
Odai CD, Azodo CC, Ezeja EB, Obuekwe ON. Reasons for exodontia in rural Nigerian children. Odontostomatol Trop. 2010;33(132):19-24. PMid:21510148
Farsi J. Common causes of extraction of teeth in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Dent J. 1992;4(3):101-5.
Alesia K, Khalil HS. Reasons for and patterns relating to the extraction of permanent teeth in a subset of the Saudi population. Clin Cosmet Investig Dent. 2013;5:51-6. https://doi. org/10.2147/ccide.s49403 PMid:23986651
Naka O, Anastassiadou V, Pissiotis A. Association between functional tooth units and chewing ability in older adults: A systematic review. Gerodontology. 2014;31(3):166-77. https:// doi.org/10.1111/ger.12016 PMid:23170948
Olley RC, Renton T, Frost PM. Observational study investigating tooth extraction and the shortened dental arch approach. J Oral Rehabil. 2017;44(8):610-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.12523 PMid:28520089
Agerholm D. Reasons for extraction by dental practitioners in England and Wales: A comparison with 1986 and variations between regions. J Dent. 2001;29(4):237-41. https://doi. org/10.1016/s0300-5712(01)00013-6 PMid:11525224
McCaul LK, Jenkins WM, Kay EJ. The reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in Scotland: A 15-year follow-up study. Br Dent J. 2001;190(12):658-62. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4801068a PMid:11453155
Lesolang RR, Motloba DP, Lalloo R. Patterns and reasons for tooth extraction at the Winterveldt clinic: 1998-2002. SADJ. 2009;64(5):214-5, 218. PMid:19725333
Eid MA, Selim HA, al-Shammery AR. The relationship between chewing sticks (Miswak) and periodontal health. 3. Relationship to gingival recession. Quintessence Int. 1991;22(1):61-4. PMid:1784721
Agrawal A, Bhatt N, Shivlingesh KK, Singh K, Chaudhary H, Roy SR. Comparative study to assess the effect of chewing stick and toothbrush on oral hygiene, gingival health and pocket depth among patients attending dental outpatient clinic in Udaipur, India. Niger Dent J. 2010;18:8-12. https://doi. org/10.4314/ndj.v18i1.64917
Austin RS, Olley RC, Ray-Chaudhuri A, Gallagher JE. Oral disease prevention for older people. Prim Dent Care. 2011;18(3):101-6. PMid:21740699
Wahab F. A survey of reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in Jordan. Saudi Dent J. 2001;13(3):148-54.
de Rezende LF, Rey-LÃ³pez JP, Matsudo VK, do Carmo Luiz O. Sedentary behavior and health outcomes among older adults: A systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:333. https:// doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-333 PMid:24712381
Taiwo OA, Sulaiman AO, Obileye MF, Akinshipo A, Uwumwonse AO, Soremi OO. Patterns and reasons for childhood tooth extraction in Northwest Nigeria. J Pediatr Dent. 2014;2:83-7. https://doi.org/10.4103/2321-6646.145578
Hamasha AA, Sasa I, Al-Qudah M. Risk indicators associated with tooth loss in Jordanian adults. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2000;28(1):67-72. https://doi. org/10.1034/j.1600-0528.2000.280109.x PMid:10634686
Shakenvosky BN, Lownie JF, Leaton-Jones PE. Reasons for tooth loss in blacks on the Witwatersrand. J Dent Assoc S Afr. 1986;41(2):41-4. PMid:3462965
du Plessis JB. The reason for and the pattern of tooth loss in patients treated at Ga-Rankuwa Hospital. J Dent Assoc S Afr. 1987;42(10):593-9. PMid:2908312
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Rania A. Shareef, Saurabh Chaturvedi , Ghazala Suleman, Asim Elsir Elmahdi, Mohamed Fadul A. Elagib (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All rights reserved.