Analysis of Tooth Extraction Causes and Patterns

Authors

  • Rania A. Shareef Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Saurabh Chaturvedi Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Ghazala Suleman Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Asim Elsir Elmahdi Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohamed Fadul A. Elagib Department of Periodontics Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.3784

Keywords:

Teeth extraction, Periodontal problems, Pattern of tooth extraction, Reasons of tooth extraction

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes and patterns of extraction of permanent teeth in the targeted population.

METHODS: The study was conducted for a period of 11 months. An especially designed form was used to record the causes for extraction of a permanent tooth. Further, it was analyzed for age, gender, education, occupation, smoking, tooth position, endodontic treatment, chewing, esthetics, needs replacement, type of existing prosthesis, and causes for extraction. The various causes which were considered to determine association with the tooth extraction were dental caries, periodontal problems, trauma, orthodontics, prosthodontic failures, endodontic failures, and others.

RESULTS: The percentage of extractions was almost the same in males and females aged. Maximum extractions were noticed in 36–45 years of age group (32.5%). The presence of caries was observed to be the main reason for extraction (68.1%), followed by periodontal problems (17.6%) and orthodontic problems (4.8%). The most frequently extracted posterior teeth were first mandibular molar (22.2%), followed by the third maxillary molar (15.2%).

CONCLUSION: Dental caries was found to be the most common reason for the extraction of teeth. Molar teeth were found to be the most frequently extracted, with an increased number of extracted first premolars as a result of orthodontic treatment. Maxillary teeth are extracted more than mandibular, mainly due to caries and periodontal problems.

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Published

2020-04-20

How to Cite

1.
Shareef RA, Chaturvedi S, Suleman G, Elmahdi AE, Elagib MFA. Analysis of Tooth Extraction Causes and Patterns. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 20 [cited 2021 Dec. 4];8(D):36-41. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/3784

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Section

Prosthodontics

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