Association between Serum Levels of High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein, Interleukin-1 and Interleukin-6 with Pain Intensity in Patients with Low Back Pain without Sciatica
Keywords:hs-CRP, IL-1, IL-6, VAS score, association
BACKGROUND: A strictly mechanical and pathoanatomical explanation for low back pain (LBP) and sciatica has proved inadequate; therefore, the role of biochemical and inflammatory factors remains under investigation.
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether there is any association between serum levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and IL-6 with pain intensity in a patient with LBP without sciatica.
METHODS: Venous blood serum levels of hs-CRP, IL-1, and IL-6 were measured on 50 patients with LBP who had a negative LasÃ¨gue test on physical examination. The pain intensity was measured using a visual analog scale (VAS).
RESULTS: There were 50 patients with LBP without sciatica with mean of age of46.72 Â± 10.79-year-old participated in this study comprised 8 (16%) men and 42 (84%) women. The mean serum levels of hs-CRP, IL-1, and IL-6 were 0.50 Â± 0.61 mg/dL, 55.02 Â± 49.73 ng/L, and IL-6 39.43 Â± 38.56 ng/L, respectively. The mean of VAS score was 49.3Â±9.6 mm. There was no significant correlation (r = 0.05; p = 0.72) between hs-CRP serum levels and VAS scores. There was found a weak negative non-significant correlation (r = âˆ’0.10, p = 0.47) between IL-1 serum levels and VAS score. There was found a weak negative non-significant correlation (r = âˆ’0.17, p = 0.23) between IL-6 serum levels and VAS score as well.
CONCLUSION: There was no significant correlation between serum levels of hs-CRP, IL-1, and IL-6 with VAS scores in patient with LBP without sciatica.
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