Hepcidin and its Related Hematological Biomarkers of Anemia in Children on Hemodialysis: Role of Carnitine Deficiency


  • Safinaz E. El-Toukhy Department of Medical Biochemistry, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Fatina Fadel Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Manal Elshamaa Department of Pediatrics, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Gamila S. M. El-Saeed Department of Medical Biochemistry, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Hanan Abdelaziz Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Marwa Elsonbaty Department of Child Health, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre (Affiliation ID: 60014618), Cairo, Egypt; Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Eman A. Elghoroury Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Eman Hamza Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Soha Atef Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt




Hepcidin, High-sensitivity C-reactive protein, Carnitine, Anemia, Inflammation, Children, Hemodialysis


BACKGROUND: Anemia is one of the most common complications in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Hepcidin is a hormone that regulates iron homeostasis in patients with ESRD. Carnitine deficiency is commonly seen in hemodialysis (HD) patients.

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between hepcidin and inflammatory and other anemia markers in children with ESRD and to evaluate the association of carnitine deficiency with anemia in these patients.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty pediatric patients with ESRD undergoing HD, and thirty healthy, age- and sex-matched children served as controls were included in the study. Serum levels hepcidin, iron status, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and total carnitine were measured.

RESULTS: Statistically significant increases in serum levels of hepcidin (100.7 ± 0.99 ng\ml vs. 77.43 ± 0.8 ng\ml, p = 0.000), was found in HD children as compared to healthy controls. Statistically significant increase in serum levels of hs-CRP (3.94 ± 0.19 mg/l vs. 1.36 ± 0.07 mg/l, p = 0.04) was found in HD children as compared to healthy controls. However, serum levels of carnitine (29.59 ± 2.46 μmol/L vs. 36 ± 2.39 μmol/L, p = 0.000) showed statistically significant decreases in HD children as compared to healthy controls positive correlation was found between hepcidin and hs-CRP (r = 0.059, p = 0.042). Furthermore, a positive correlation was present between serum carnitine levels and serum iron levels (r = 0.651, p = 0.042).

CONCLUSION: Serum hepcidin may be a more useful biomarker of functional iron deficiency in children on HD. The efficacy of carnitine treatment for children on HD with carnitine deficiency and its effect on anemia needs to be studied.


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How to Cite

El-Toukhy SE, Fadel F, Elshamaa M, El-Saeed GSM, Abdelaziz H, Elsonbaty M, Elghoroury EA, Hamza E, Atef S. Hepcidin and its Related Hematological Biomarkers of Anemia in Children on Hemodialysis: Role of Carnitine Deficiency. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Jun. 20 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];8(B):524-9. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/4268

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