Efficacy of Albendazole Against Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis among Children in Asia: Systematic Review

Authors

  • M. Mohd Faizal Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia; Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • BP Anaanthan Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia; Department of Pharmacy, Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar, 70300 Seremban, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • M. Nur Ezdiani Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia
  • M. N. Azmawati Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia
  • A. Norfazilah Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia
  • F. G. Hasanain Department of Community Medicine, International Medical School, Management and Science University, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Safrree Jeffree Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Mohd Rohaizat Hassan Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.4305

Keywords:

albendazole, asia, efficacy, soil-transimtted helminths

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The World health organization reported that 875 million children worldwide require antihelminth preventive chemotherapy annually. Vast majority of STH infections (67%) and YLDs (68%) occurred in Asia.

METHODS: A systematic search was performed for relevant titles, abstract, and keywords from Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Scopus around October 2018 based on the PICO strategy. Out of 173 papers that were evaluated, final assessment for eligibility had yielded a total of five papers to be included for analysis covering period from 2013 to 2018.

RESULTS: Of the five selected studies, three were randomized controlled trial, one was cohort and another one was described more like a quasi-experimental trial. All infection intensity showed improvement post-intervention. Four of the five studies used Kato Katz as diagnostic method with one combined it with Baermann techniques. One used McMaster egg counting method. All except one study tested albendazole efficacy in their study either alone or in combination with other chemotherapy such as diethyl carbazide or combining with education pamphlet. Egg reduction rate was reported as low as 63% and as high as 99.9%.

CONCLUSION: In general, albendazole is efficacious enough to control STH.

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References

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Published

2020-05-14

How to Cite

1.
Faizal MM, Anaanthan B, Ezdiani MN, Azmawati MN, Norfazilah A, Hasanain FG, Jeffree MS, Syed Abdul Rahim SS, Hassan MR. Efficacy of Albendazole Against Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis among Children in Asia: Systematic Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 May 14 [cited 2024 May 26];8(F):70-7. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/4305

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