Using System Dynamic Modeling for Improving Water Security in the Coastal Area: A Literature Review
Keywords:System dynamic model, water security, coastal area
BACKGROUND: Water is one of the basic materials of human existence. In respect this, many countries have been focused on water security agenda as one of the national strategic security. One of water security domains is coastal water security. Water security, due to the myriad of factors influencing water quantity and quality in coastal area, can be considered as a complex system. Due to the complexity and dynamic characteristic, system dynamic model (SDM) is needed to implement in coastal area to integrate all subsystem.
AIM: This study aims to analyse the subsystems relating to coastal water security. The subsystem determination used to develop future policy-making relating to coastal water security.
METHODS: For this purpose, a systematic literature review was conducted and a set of 12 papers was selected from 2009 – 2019.
RESULTS: The papers’ analysis shows the applicability of SDM to solve complex problems. Water scarcity has been identified as a major problem in the coastal area, identified in eight papers. Three papers are related to water quality and only one paper relating to both. There are four major subsystems relating to coastal water security: environment, economic, social, and politic. Information about the aquaculture activities, the mechanism of coastal water pollution and water relating human health risk is still limited.
CONCLUSION: We recommend use of SDM in the coastal water security to be extended to aquaculture, coastal water pollution and human health risk aspect in order to promote a holistic understanding of the complex issues and to develop more effective policies.
Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block
Chen Z, Wei S. Application of system dynamics to water security research. Water Resour Manag. 2014;28:287-300. https://doi. org/10.1007/s11269-013-0496-8
Su Y, Gao W, Guan D. Integrated assessment and scenarios simulation of water security system in Japan. Sci Total Environ. 2019;671:1269-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. scitotenv.2019.03.373
Grant SB, Saphores JD, Feldman DL, Hamilton AJ, Fletcher TD. Taking the waste out of wastewater for human water security and ecosystem sustainability. Science. 2012;337:681-6.
Srinivasan V, Konar M, Sivapalan M. A dynamic framework for water security. Water Secur. 2017;1:12-20. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.wasec.2017.03.001
Dadson S, Hall JW, Garrick D, Sadoff C, Grey D. Water security, risk, and economic growth: Insights from a dynamical systems model. Water Resour Res. 2017;53:6425-38. https://doi. org/10.1002/2017wr020640
Huanhuan Q, Baoxiang Z, Fanhai M. System dynamics modeling for sustainable water management of a coastal area in shandong Province, China. J Earth Sci Eng. 2016;6:226-34. https://doi.org/10.17265/2159-581x/2016.04.005
Robinne FN, Bladon KD, Miller C, Parisien MA, Mathieu J, Flannigan MD. A spatial evaluation of global wildfire-water risks to human and natural systems. Sci Total Environ. 2018;610- 611:1193-206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.112
Bakker K. Water security: Research challenges and opportunities. Science. 2012;337:914-5. https://doi.org/10.1126/ science.1226337
World Health Organization. WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. Recommendation. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.
World Health Organization and United Nations. Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water-2015 Update and MDG Assessment. Geneva, United States: World Health Organization and United Nations; 2015.
World Health Organization. Guidelines for Drinkingwater Quality. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017.
Scarborough H, Sahin O, Porter M, Stewart R. Long-term water supply planning in an Australian Coastal city: Dams or desalination? Desalination. 2015;358:61-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2014.12.013
Savenije HH, Van der Zaag P. Integrated water resources management: Concepts and issues. Phys Chem Earth. 2008;33(5):290-7.
Adnan MS, Haque A, Hall JW. Have coastal embankments reduced flooding in Bangladesh? Sci Total Environ. 2019;682:405-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.048
Benneyworth L, Gilligan J, Ayers JC, Goodbred S, George G, Carrico A. Drinking water insecurity: Water quality and access in coastal South-Western Bangladesh. Int J Environ Health Res. 2016;26(5-6):508-24. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2016.1 194383
Falkenmark M. The greatest water problem: The inability to link environmental security, water security and food security. Int J Water Resour Dev. 2001;17(4):539-54. https://doi. org/10.1080/07900620120094073
Stigter T. Managing the Invisible: Groundwater Salinity in Coastal Areas; 2018. Available from: https://www.un-ihe.org/ stories/managing-invisible-groundwater-salinity-coastal-areas. [Last accessed on 2019 Dec 01].
Li C, Jia C, Zhu H, Yu W. Research on the migration patterns of sea-land transitional zone in the coastal area of Longkou and Zhaoyuan. J Water Clim Chang. 2018;9(2):249-60. https://doi. org/10.2166/wcc.2018.054
Li D, Wu S, Liu L, Liang Z, Li S. Evaluating regional water security through a freshwater ecosystem service flow model: A case study in Beijing-Tianjian-Hebei region, China. Ecol Indic. 2017;81:159-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.05.034
Grundmann J, Al-Khatri A, Schütze N. Managing saltwater intrusion in coastal arid regions and its societal implications for agriculture. IAHS AISH Proc Rep. 2016;373:31-5. https://doi. org/10.5194/piahs-373-31-2016
Tusar K, Moumita C. Climate change influence water use pattern in South-West coastal belt of Bangladesh. J Environ Sci Nat Resour. 2015;6:217-25. https://doi.org/10.3329/jesnr. v6i2.22122
Scialabba N. Integrated Coastal Area Management and Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. FAO Guidelines. United States: Environment and Natural Resources Service; 1998.
Kambey C, Chung IK. A STELLA model for evaluating the efficiency of integrated multi trophic aquaculture system (IMTA). Aquac Indones. 2016;16:38-49. https://doi.org/10.21534/ ai.v16i2.4
Tchounwou PB, Yedjou CG, Patlolla AK, Sutton DJ. Heavy metals toxicity and the environment. EXS. 2012;101:133-64.
Mishra S, Kumar A, Tiwari M, Mahdi AA. Impact of heavy metal carcinogens on human health. In: Rai M, editor. Biomedical Applications of Metals. Berlin, Germany: Springer International Publishing AG; 2018. p. 277-95. https://doi. org/10.1007/978-3-319-74814-6_13
Mishra S. Heavy Metal Contamination : An Alarming Threat to Environment and Human Health. Berlin, Germany: Springer; 2019.
Sany SB, Hashim R, Rezayi M, Salleh A, Safari O. A review of strategies to monitor water and sediment quality for a sustainability assessment of marine environment. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2014;21(2):813-33. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s11356-013-2217-5 PMid:24142490
Järup L, Åkesson A. Current status of cadmium as an environmental health problem. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2009;238(3):201-8. PMid:19409405
Järup L. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. Br Med Bull. 2003;68:167-82. PMid:14757716
Singh R, Gautam N, Mishra A, Gupta R. Heavy metals and living systems: An overview. Indian J Pharmacol. 2011;43(3):246-53. https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7613.81505 PMid:21713085
Pereira SP, Rosman PC, Alvarez C, Schetini CA, Souza RO, Vieira RH. Modeling of coastal water contamination in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil). Water Sci Technol. 2015;72(6):928-36. PMid:26360752
Bouwer H. Integrated water management: Emerging issues and challenges. Agric Water Manag. 2000;45(3):217-28. https://doi. org/10.1016/s0378-3774(00)00092-5
Wei T, Lou I, Yang Z, Li Y. A system dynamics urban water management model for Macau, China. J Environ Sci. 2016;50:117-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2016.06.034
Li T, Yang S, Tan M. Simulation and optimization of water supply and demand balance in Shenzhen: A system dynamics approach. J Clean Prod. 2019;207:882-93. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.052
Rivers MR, Weaver DM, Smettem KR, Davies PM. Estimating future scenarios for farm-watershed nutrient fluxes using dynamic simulation modelling. Phys Chem Earth. 2011;36(9- 11):420-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2010.03.019
Mavrommati G, Bithas K, Panayiotidis P. Operationalizing sustainability in urban coastal systems: A system dynamics analysis. Water Res. 2013;47(20):7235-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2013.10.041
Sahin O, Stewart RA, Porter MG. Water security through scarcity pricing and reverse osmosis: A system dynamics approach. J Clean Prod. 2015;88:160-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.009
Prouty C, Mohebbi S, Zhang Q. Socio-technical strategies and behavior change to increase the adoption and sustainability of wastewater resource recovery systems. Water Res. 2018;137:107-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2018.03.009
Pouso S, Borja Á, Martín J, Uyarra MC. The capacity of estuary restoration to enhance ecosystem services: System dynamics modelling to simulate recreational fishing benefits. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci. 2019;217:226-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. ecss.2018.11.026
Sušnik J, Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia LS, Savić DA, Kapelan Z. Integrated system dynamics modelling for water scarcity assessment: Case study of the Kairouan region. Sci Total Environ. 2012;440:290-306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. scitotenv.2012.05.085
Borgomeo E, Hall JW, Salehin M. Avoiding the water-poverty trap: Insights from a conceptual human-water dynamical model for coastal Bangladesh. Int J Water Resour Dev. 2018;34(6):900- 22. https://doi.org/10.1080/07900627.2017.1331842
Phan TD, Smart JC, Sahin O, Capon SJ, Hadwen WL. Assessment of the vulnerability of a coastal freshwater system to climatic and non-climatic changes: A system dynamics approach. J Clean Prod. 2018;183:940-55. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.02.169
Zare F, Elsawah S, Bagheri A, Nabavi E, Jakeman AJ. Improved integrated water resource modelling by combining DPSIR and system dynamics conceptual modelling techniques. J Environ Manage. 2019;246:27-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. jenvman.2019.05.033
Selvam S, Manimaran G, Sivasubramanian P, Balasubramanian N, Seshunarayana T. GIS-based evaluation of water quality index of groundwater resources around Tuticorin coastal city, South India. Environ Earth Sci. 2014;71(6):2847- 67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-013-2662-y
Holmes JKC, Slinger JH, Palmer CG. Using System Dynamics Modeling in South African Water Management and Planning. Ch. 4. System Dynamics Models for Africa’s Developmental Planning; 2017.
Forrester JW. Industrial dynamics: A major breakthrough for decision makers. Harv Bus Rev. 1958;36(4):37-66.
Luo G, Yin C, Chen X, Xu W, Lu L. Combining system dynamic model and CLUE-S model to improve land use scenario analyses at regional scale: A case study of Sangong watershed in Xinjiang, China. Ecol Complex. 2010;7(2):198-207. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecocom.2010.02.001
Deaton ML, Winebrake JJ. Dynamic Modelling of Environmental System. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.; 2000.
Ford A. Modeling the Environment: An Introduction to System Dynamics Model of Environmental Systems. Washington, DC: Island Press; 1999.
Lorenz T, Jost A. Towards an Orientation Framework in Multi Paradigm Modeling: Aligning Purpose, Object and Methodology in System Dynamics, Agent-based Modeling and Discrete-eventsimulation. Nijmegen: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Machine Learning; 2006.
Food and Agriculture Organization. Coastal aquaculture and the environment: The Context. In: Guidelines for the Promotion of Environmental Management of Coastal Aquaculture Development; 1992. Available from: http://www.fao.org/3/ t0697e/t0697e04.htm. [Last accessed on 2020 Jan 28].
Ahmed N, Thompson S. The blue dimensions of aquaculture: A global synthesis. Sci Total Environ. 2019;652:851-61. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.163
Dai D, Sun M, Xu X, Lei K. Assessment of the water resource carrying capacity based on the ecological footprint: A case study in Zhangjiakou City, North China. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2019;26(11):11000-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s11356-019-04414-9
Deutsch L, Jansson A, Troell M, Ronnback P, Folke C, Kautsky N. The ecological footprint: Communicating human dependence on nature’s work. Ecol Econ. 2000;32(3):351-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(99)00152-4
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Ratna Dwi Puji Astuti (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.