Quantum Movement Technique versus William Flexion Exercise on Pain and Walking Ability in Patients with Low Back Pain


  • Djohan Aras Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Nursing, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Nur Asmi Bachelor Program in Physiotherapy, Faculty of Nursing, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Yudi Hardianto Bachelor Program in Physiotherapy, Faculty of Nursing, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Rabia Rabia Bachelor Program in Physiotherapy, Faculty of Nursing, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Anwar Mallongi Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia




Quantum movement technique, William flexion exercise, Pain, Walking ability, Low back pain


OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to compare between quantum movement technique (QMT) and William flexion exercise (WFE) in patients with low back pain (LBP) based on pain and walking ability.

METHODS: Six-session QMT and WFE were provided for two groups of participants. The frequency of intervention was 6 times/week. Twenty patients (aged 25–65 years) with LBP were randomly assigned into the QMT group (n = 10) or the WFE group (n = 10). The primary outcome of the intervention was pain, measured using the numeric pain rating scale, while the secondary outcome was walking ability, measured using the Oswestry Disability Index. The measurements were conducted at baseline and the end of the intervention.

RESULTS: Pain reduction was significantly shown in both groups (p < 0.05). However, QMT was shown more effective in reducing pain compared to WFE (p < 0.05). In addition, we found the significant improvement of walking ability in both groups following the intervention (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was shown between two groups (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: QMT is more effective than WFE for reducing pain in patients with LBP.


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How to Cite

Aras D, Asmi N, Hardianto Y, Rabia R, Mallongi A. Quantum Movement Technique versus William Flexion Exercise on Pain and Walking Ability in Patients with Low Back Pain. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Jun. 10 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];8(A):323-5. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/4457

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