Left Hemiparesis in Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia with High Mortality
Keywords:Hemiparesis, Acute myeloblastic leukemia, Mortality
BACKGROUND: Leukemia is a blood malignancy that has a variety of types with a variety of clinical manifestations in the body organs in each patient. Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) occurs more frequently in adults with clinical manifestations in the central nervous system, especially on the M4 and M5 subtypes.
CASE REPORT: A 42-year-old woman came with a complaint of sudden left hemiparesis. The laboratory results obtained leukocytosis, normochromic normocytic anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Peripheral blood smear found immature cells of the myeloblasts and monoblasts series and monocytosis.
CONCLUSION: The conclusion of the clinical diagnosis and laboratory of the patient is left hemiparesis caused by AML with the suspect of subtype M4 or M5. Patients died within a few hours later, so bone marrow puncture and brain fluid retrieval for malignant cell analysis could not be performed. Brain fluid analysis is important to be performed to enforce the diagnosis of cerebral leukemia.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Edward Kurnia Setiawan Limijadi, Noegroho Harbani, Nani Widorini, Imam Budiwijono (Author)
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