A Survey of the Knowledge of Surveillance Officers and Outbreak Investigation Team toward COVID-19 in North Sumatera Province, Indonesia
Keywords:Knowledge, Surveillance, Survey, Indonesia
BACKGROUND: Our world is now facing the public health emergency situation. Since early December 2019, COVID-19 emerged the Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. The disease is still continuing spread to more than 200 countries and territories globally.
AIM: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of COVID-19 among the surveillance officers and outbreak investigation team in North Sumatera, Indonesia.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between March 5, 2020 and April 20, 2020, among the surveillance officers and outbreak investigation team in North Sumatera province, Indonesia. A set of validated, pre-tested questionnaire was used to measure knowledge regarding COVID-19 infection and to collect a range of explanatory variables. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. A two-step logistic regression analysis was employed to assess the association of participants’ demographic data, level of education, surveillance training, length of work, and location of workplace with the knowledge.
RESULTS: A total of 246 participants were collected. We found that 109 out of 246 (44.3%) participants were good knowledge of COVID-19. Multivariate model revealed that surveillance training was the most associated variable with knowledge of COVID-19 (OR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.09–4.27). In addition, as much as 27 participants (79.4%) have good knowledge and also have received surveillance training expressed a willingness to conduct surveillance (OR = 4.75, 95% CI = 1.98–11.39).
CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge of surveillance officers and outbreak investigation team in North Sumatera regarding COVID-19 is relatively low. Participants who have good knowledge and have received surveillance training expressed a willingness to conduct surveillance of COVID-19 in the community. Therefore, training for surveillance and outbreak investigation team to improve the understanding and skill is a must.
Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block
World Health Organization. Coronavirus; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1.
Guan W, Ni ZY, Hu Y, Liang WH, Ou C, He JX, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med 2020;382:1708-20.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coronavirus; 2020. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/types.html. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 28].
Adhikari SP, Meng S, Wu YJ, Mao YP, Ye RX, Wang QZ, Sun C, et al. Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: A scoping review. Infect Dis Poverty 2020;9(1):29. https://doi.org/10.1186/ s40249-020-00646-x PMid:32183901
Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian COVID-19. Indonesia: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2020.
World Health Organization. WHO Director-General’s Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID-19-11 March 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020. https://doi.org/10.1093/ ww/9780199540884.013.u20123. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 30].
World Health Organization. Coronavirus (COVID-19). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://www. covid19.who.int. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 28].
Ducharme J. World Health Organization Declares COVID-19 a “Pandemic”. Here’s What That Means. Time; 2020.
Cucinotta D, Vanelli M. WHO declares COVID-19 a pandemic. Acta Biomed 2020;91:157-60.
Gorbiano MI. BREAKING: Jokowi announces Indonesia’s First Two Confirmed COVID-19 Cases. The Jakarta Post; 2020.
Beritasatu. Indonesia Confirms First Coronavirus Cases in Its Territory. Jakarta Globe; 2020.
Lumanaw N, Tambun LT, Suteja J. Indonesia Reports 316 New Cases as Jokowi Declares Covid-19 a National Disaster. Jakarta Globe; 2020.
Adjie MF. Jokowi declares COVID-19 “National Disaster”, Gives Task Force Broader Authority. The Jakarta Post; 2020.
Andriyanto H. All Indonesia’s 34 Provinces Now Affected by Coronavirus. Jakarta Globe; 2020.
Loasana N. COVID-19 Cases Reported in all 34 Provinces as Death Toll Exceeds 300. The Jakarta Post; 2020.
Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. COVID-19 Update. Kementerian Kesehatan; 2020.Available from: https:// www.infeksiemerging.kemkes.go.id.
AHK Indonesien. COVID-19 Developments in Indonesia No Title; 2020. Available from: https://www.indonesien.ahk.de/id/ infocenter/berita/berita/covid-19-developments-in-indonesia. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 26].
Dewantoro R. Dokter Yang Meninggal di RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan Positif Corona, Sebelumnya Pergi ke Yerusalem dan Italia; 2020.
North Sumatera Province. Sumut Tanggap COVID-19. Communication and Information Office, North Sumatera; 2020. Available from: http://www.covid19.sumutprov.go.id. [Last accessed on 2020 May 01].
Agencies PH. Real-time public health surveillance for emergency preparedness. 2009;99(8):1360-3. PMid:19542047
Otto JL, Baliga P, Sanchez JL, Johns MC, Gray GC, Grieco J, et al. Training initiatives within the AFHSC-global emerging infections surveillance and response system: Support for IHR (2005). BMC Public Health 2011;11(Suppl 2):S5.https://doi. org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-s2-s5 PMid:21388565
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Public Health Surveillance During a Disaster. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/hsb/ disaster/surveillance.htm. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 26].
Taber KS. The use of Cronbach’s alpha when developing and reporting research instruments in science education. Res Sci Educ 2018;48:1273-96. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s11165-016-9602-2
Kennedy T, Regehr G, Rosenfield J, Roberts SW. Exploring the gap between knowledge and behavior : A qualitative study of clinician action following an educational intervention. Acad Med 2004;79(5):386-93. https://doi. org/10.1097/00001888-200405000-00006 PMid:15107277
Zhou M, Tang F, Wang Y, Nie H, Zhang L, You G, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among health care workers in Henan, China. J Hosp Infect 2020 ;105:183-7. PMid:32278701
Giao H, Thi N, Ngoc Han NT. Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital , Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med 2020;13:1- 5. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-26774/v1
Shi Y, Wang J, Yang Y, Wang Z, Wang G, Hashimoto K, et al. Brain, behavior, and immunity health knowledge and attitudes of medical staff in Chinese psychiatric hospitals regarding COVID- 19. Brain Behav Immun Health 2020;4:100064. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.bbih.2020.100064
Foddai A, Lindberg A, Lubroth J, Ellis-Iversen J. Surveillance to improve evidence for community control decisions during the COVID-19 pandemic opening the animal epidemic toolbox for Public Health. One Health 2020;9:100130. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.onehlt.2020.100130 PMid:32292816
Ghaliya G, Arbi IA. Shortage of PPE, Medical Workers Hindering COVID-19 Fight, Says Terawan. The Jakarta Post; 2020.
Siregar K. “We are worried”, say Indonesian Healthcare Workers as COVID-19 Takes Toll on Medical System. Channel News Asia; 2020.
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Infection Prevention and Control for COVID-19 in Healthcare Settings First Update. Solna Municipality, Sweden: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; 2020.
World Health Organization. Rational use of Personal Protective Equipment for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Interim Guidance; 2020.
Terrified Healthcare Workers Fear Lack of Protection Against COVID-19. Todd, Neale; 2020. Available from: https://www. tctmd.com/news/terrified-healthcare-workers-fear-lack-protection-against-covid-19. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 27].
Agence France-Presse. Covid-19: Medical Frontliners Worldwide Struggling with Fatigue, Fear. New Strait Times; 2020.
Arghavan S, Gold J. Health Care Workers aren’t just “Heroes.” We’re also Scared and Exposed; 2020. Available from: https:// www.vox.com/2020/4/2/21204402/coronavirus-covid-19-doctors-nurses-health-care-workers. [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 30].
Sangalang L, Omori K, Kim J, Tenzek KE, Hawkins JM, Lin WY, et al. Trusting Social Media as a Source of Health Information: Online Surveys Comparing the United States, Korea,and Hong Kong. J Med Internet Res 2016;18(3):1-19. https://doi. org/10.2196/jmir.4193 PMid:26976273
Ventola CL. Social media and health care professionals: Benefits, risks, and best practices. P T 2014;39(7):491-500. PMid:25083128
Di Gennaro F, Pizzol D, Marotta C, Antunes M, Racalbuto V, Veronese N, et al. Coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) current status and future perspectives: A narrative review. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17(8):2690. PMid:32295188
Bullock BF. Survelillance and detection: A Public Health Responce to Bioterrorism. 12th ed. Washington, DC: US Air Force; 2002.
Desjardins MR, Hohl A, Delmelle EM. Rapid surveillance of COVID-19 in the United States using a prospective space-time scan statistic: Detecting and evaluating emerging clusters. Appl Geogr 2020;118:102202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. apgeog.2020.102202
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Frans Yosep Sitepu, Elpiani Depari, Wiwit Aditama, Rd Halim, Adi Isworo, Bangun Hot Pandapotan Lumbangaol, Muhammad M Fathan, Firman Apul Aritonang, Elinsa Sihotang, Dormani Peronika Napitupulu, Arwan Nofri (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All rights reserved.