Food Insecurity and Anthropometry in Adolescents: A Literature Review

Authors

  • Nikmah Utami Dewi Department of Community Nutrition, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia; Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
  • Nurulfuadi Nurulfuadi Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
  • Ummu Aiman Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
  • Diah Ayu Hartini Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
  • Fendi Pradana Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
  • Bohari Bohari Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.4998

Keywords:

Food insecurity, Anthropometry, Adolescents

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The increased risk of malnutrition is affected by food insecurity. Studies in adolescents still show mixed results. 

AIM: This article aimed to evaluate the association between food insecurity and anthropometry measurements in studies involving adolescents. 

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases used to obtain the literature were PubMed, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, and PubMed Central. The keywords used were food security, food insecurity, hunger, malnutrition, obesity, adolescence, adolescents, teenagers, teens, and youth in studies published from 2010 to 2019. A total of 12 articles were used in this review. 

RESULTS: The association between food insecurity and the incidence of malnutrition in adolescents in various regions is still diverse. Food insecurity had a negative correlation with BMI-for-age in three studies (33.3%), but one study (11.1%) showed the opposite result. Food insecurity was positively related to low height-for-age (stunting) in 50% of studies, while five other studies (55.6%) showed that food insecurity was not related to BMI-for-age or weight-for-age. Three studies (50%) showed that there was no association between food insecurity and height-for-age. 

CONCLUSION: Longitudinal studies, such as Cohort studies, need to be conducted to ensure the actual relationship between food insecurity and nutritional status in various regions.

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Published

2020-10-16

How to Cite

1.
Dewi NU, Nurulfuadi N, Aiman U, Diah Ayu Hartini, Fendi Pradana, Bohari B. Food Insecurity and Anthropometry in Adolescents: A Literature Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Oct. 16 [cited 2021 Sep. 20];8(F):234-40. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/4998

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