Reinforcers and Inhibitors of Family-based Stunting Children Parenting (Case Studies in Slums Area of Makassar City)

Authors

  • Rizky Chaeraty Syam Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Syafar Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • M. Alimin Maidin Department of Hospital Management, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Rachmat Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Uyuun Wiji Ismita Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Iva Hardi Yanti Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Erniwati Ibrahim Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.5209

Keywords:

Stunting, Reinforcers, Inhibitors, Parenting, Slums

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Stunting is a condition of failure to thrive in toddlers (5-year-old babies) with length or height of the body under minus two standard deviations (<−2SD). This is caused by chronic malnutrition and recurrent infections, especially in the first 1000 days of life.

AIM: This study aimed to examine the parenting style of family-based stunting children seen from the reinforcers and inhibitors of stunting in Makassar City Slums.

METHODS: This type of research is qualitative research with a case study approach. Informants, in this study, were 26 people, consisting of families with stunting children aged 0–59 months in 2019 as many as 14 people, families who have stunting children aged 0–59 months in 2018 and are free from stunting as many as four people, one nutritionist, four Integrated Healthcare Center cadres, and three Community Leaders/Religious Leaders. Analysis of the data used is content analysis which is then interpreted and presented in the form of narratives, matrices, and schemes.

RESULTS: The reinforcers factors consisting of adequate health service support and family members provide support in caring for children and providing nutritious food. While the inhibiting factors consist of uncertain family income for the daily needs of family members, and irregular nutritional food intake is given in a day. The need for nutrition education for community stunting management was analysed by the public health center and integrated health-care center through a program to improve the first 1000 days of life and increase family planning coverage.

CONCLUSION: Based on the results of research and discussion of the reinforcers factor of family-based stunting children parenting in the slums of Makassar City. Hence, it can be concluded that the reinforcers factor consists of support for health services that are already quite good, and family members provide support in child care. While the inhibitors factors consist of uncertain family income for the daily needs of family members, and irregular nutritional food intake is given in a day.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Hagos S, Hailemariam D, Wolde-Hanna T, Lindtjorn B. Spatial heterogeneity and risk factors for stunting among children under age five in Ethiopia: A Bayesian geo-statistical model. PLoS One. 2017;12(2):1-11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170785

Kemenkes RI. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan: Situasi Balita Pendek (Stunting) di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2018.

Engle PL, Menon P, Haddad L. Care and nutrition: Concepts and measurement. World Dev. 1999;27(8):1309-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0305-750x(99)00059-5

Pratiwi TD, Masrul M, Yerizel E. Hubungan pola asuh ibu dengan status gizi balita di wilayah kerja puskesmas belimbing kota padang. J Kesehatan Andal. 2016;5(3):661-5. https://doi.org/10.25077/jka.v5i3.595

Ratu VN, Malonda NS, Punuh MI. Hubungan antara pola asuh dengan status gizi pada anak usia 24-59 bulan di wilayah kerja puskesmas pusomaen kabupaten minahasa tenggara. Kesmas. 2019;7(3):1-8. https://doi.org/10.35799/jbl.9.1.2019.23421

Kuhu A, Punnuh MI, Kapantow NH. Hubungan antara pola asuh ibu dengan status gizi balita di wilayah kerja puskesmas kakas. Med Kesehatan. 2016;8(3):1-9. https://doi.org/10.25077/jka.v5i3.595

Munawaroh S. Pola asuh mempengaruhi status gizi balita relationship of parenting pattern and toddlers nutrititional status. J Keperawatan. 2016;6(1):44-50.

Dinkes Kota Makassar. Data Kejadian Stunting Di Kota Makassar. Makassar: Dinas Kesehatan Kota Makassar; 2019. https://doi.org/10.32382/medkes.v11i2.236

Sakti UH, Ansariadi, Sirajuddin S. Risk factors of stunting case on children aged 24-59 months in slums of Makassar city. IOSR J Nurs Health Sci. 2018;7(3):17-22.

Barahima JJ, Noor NN, Jafar N. Relationship of economic and social culture status in the first 1000 days of life (HPK) period toward events of stunting in children ages of 0-24 months in Barebbo district working area, bone regency. East Afr Sch Publ. 2019;1(4):206-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.10.091

Sambas G. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kunjungan Ibu-Ibu Anak Balita ke Posyandu di Kelurahan Bojongherang Kabupaten Cianjur, Tesis. Depok: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia; 2014. https://doi.org/10.33757/jik.v2i1.62

Welasasih BD, Wirjatmadi RB. Beberapa faktor yang berhubungan dengan status gizi balita stunting. Public Health. 2012;8(3):99-104.

Maharsi R. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kepatuhan Ibu Balita Datang ke Posyandu di Wilayah Kecamatan Bekasi Utara Kota Bekasi Tahun 2007, Tesis. Depok: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia; 2016. https://doi.org/10.33757/jik.v2i1.62

Yudianti Y, Saeni RH. Pola asuh dengan kejadian stunting pada balita di kabupaten polewali Mandar. J Kesehatan Manarang. 2017;2(1):21-5. https://doi.org/10.33490/jkm.v2i1.9

Waroh YK. Pemberian makanan tambahan sebagai upaya penanganan stunting pada balita di Indonesia. Embrio. 2019;11(1):47-54. https://doi.org/10.36456/embrio.vol11.no1.a1852

Stewart CP, Iannotti L, Dewey KG, Michaelsen KF, Onyango AW. Contextualising complementary feeding in a broader framework for stunting prevention. Matern Child Nutr. 2013;9(2):27-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12088 PMid:24074316

Illahi RK. Hubungan pendapatan keluarga, berat lahir, dan panjang lahir dengan kejadian stunting balita 24-59 bulan di Bangkalan. J Manajemen Kesehatan Yayasan. 2017;3(1):1-7. https://doi.org/10.29241/jmk.v3i1.85

Ngaisyah RD. Hubungan sosial ekonomi dengan kejadian stunting pada balita di desa kanigoro, Saptosari, Gunung Kidul. Med Res. 2015;10(4):65-70. https://doi.org/10.35842/mr.v14i1.212

Muhith A, Winarti E, Perdana SS, Haryuni S, Rahayu KI, Mallongi A. Internal locus of control as a driving factor of early detaction behavior of servical cancer by inspection visual of acetic acid method. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2020;8(E):113-6. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.4341

Mallongi A, Birawida AB, Astuti RD, Saleh M. Effect of lead and cadmium to blood pressure on communities along coastal areas of Makassar, Indonesia. Enferm Clín. 2020;30(4):313-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.03.001

Mitra M. Permasalahan anak pendek (stunting) dan intervensi untuk mencegah terjadinya stunting (suatu kajian kepustakaan). J Kesehatan Komunitas. 2015;2(6):254-61. https://doi.org/10.25311/jkk.vol2.iss6.85

Downloads

Published

2020-09-15

How to Cite

1.
Syam RC, Syafar M, Maidin MA, Rachmat M, Ismita UW, Yanti IH, Ibrahim E. Reinforcers and Inhibitors of Family-based Stunting Children Parenting (Case Studies in Slums Area of Makassar City). Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 15 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];8(T2):131-5. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/5209

Most read articles by the same author(s)