Association of Gender, Triglyceride/HDL Ratio, and Physical Activity of Obese Adolescents in Makassar


  • Nurhaedar Jafar Nutrition Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Aminuddin Syam Nutrition Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Yessy Kurniati Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Islamic State University of Alauddin, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Een Kurnaesih Department of Health Administrationa, Faculty of Public Health, Muslim University of Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Reza Aril Ahri Department of Health Administrationa, Faculty of Public Health, Muslim University of Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Nurlela Jamaluddin Department of Health Administrationa, Faculty of Public Health, Muslim University of Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia



Gender, Adolescents, Obesity, Triglyceride/HDL Ratio


BACKGROUND: Obesity may cause the increase of triglyceride and decrease of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Triglyceride/HDL ratio is associated with metabolic disorders. Physical activity is one of the important aspects in preventing obesity. Gender is known to have a relationship with these factors, but it has been inconsistent.

AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sex and triglycerides, levels of HDL, triglycerides/HDL ratio, and physical activity of obese adolescents in Makassar.

METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design involving 93 samples of obese adolescents from three high schools. Measurement of triglyceride and HDL levels was performed by the Prodia laboratory, while physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questioner. Data analysis was performed with Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests.

RESULTS: The results showed that there is a relationship between gender and triglyceride levels (p = 0.006) and HDL (p = 0.034), but no relationship between the ratio of TG/HDL (p = 0.109) and physical activity was found (p = 0.339).

CONCLUSION: Efforts should be made to reduce the level of risk adolescent obesity on the risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease, including increase physical activity. Physical activity is important to maintain the physical and mental of obese adolescents.


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How to Cite

Jafar N, Syam A, Kurniati Y, Kurnaesih E, Ahri RA, Jamaluddin N. Association of Gender, Triglyceride/HDL Ratio, and Physical Activity of Obese Adolescents in Makassar. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 25 [cited 2023 Oct. 3];8(T2):81-6. Available from:

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