Factors Related to the Incidence of Contact Dermatitis In-Fisherman on the Spermonde Island


  • Agus Bintara Birawida Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Hasanuddin of University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Anwar Mallongi Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Hasanuddin of University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Fais M. Satrianegara Department of Environmental Health
  • Ain Khaer Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Alauddin Islamic State University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Appolo Appolo Health Polytechnic Makassar, Polytechnic Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Restu Faculty of Forestry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia




Contact dermatitis, Fishermen, Spermonde islands


BACKGROUND: Many factors can influence the occurrence of dermatitis; this factor is divided into two, namely exogenous and endogenous factors. Fishermen are jobs that are susceptible to disease in dermatitis, especially contact dermatitis in the small island.

AIM: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with the incidence of contact dermatitis in fishermen on the Spermonde islands.

METHODS: This study was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional design study. This research was conducted on Lae-Lae, Barrang Lompo, and Lumu-Lumu Island in 2019. Samples in this study were 110 fishermen obtained using Accidental sampling techniques. Data collection is using research instruments.

RESULTS: Data analysis performed was univariate and bivariate analysis with a Chi-square test. Based on the results of the study, the research variables related to factors affecting contact dermatitis in fishermen in the Spermonde Islands were a history of skin diseases (p = 0.000), use of PPE (p = 0.000), personal hygiene (p = 0.000), and working period (p = 0.003) while unrelated factors are age (p = 0.373).

CONCLUSION: Fishermen should pay more attention to four factors, namely the history of skin diseases, the use of PPE, hygiene, and work period, to avoid contact dermatitis.


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How to Cite

Birawida AB, Mallongi A, Satrianegara FM, Khaer A, Appolo A, Restu M. Factors Related to the Incidence of Contact Dermatitis In-Fisherman on the Spermonde Island. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 15 [cited 2024 Jun. 17];8(T2):220-3. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/5237

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