Factors Related to the Incidence of Contact Dermatitis In-Fisherman on the Spermonde Island
Keywords:Contact dermatitis, Fishermen, Spermonde islands
BACKGROUND: Many factors can influence the occurrence of dermatitis; this factor is divided into two, namely exogenous and endogenous factors. Fishermen are jobs that are susceptible to disease in dermatitis, especially contact dermatitis in the small island.
AIM: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with the incidence of contact dermatitis in fishermen on the Spermonde islands.
METHODS: This study was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional design study. This research was conducted on Lae-Lae, Barrang Lompo, and Lumu-Lumu Island in 2019. Samples in this study were 110 fishermen obtained using Accidental sampling techniques. Data collection is using research instruments.
RESULTS: Data analysis performed was univariate and bivariate analysis with a Chi-square test. Based on the results of the study, the research variables related to factors affecting contact dermatitis in fishermen in the Spermonde Islands were a history of skin diseases (p = 0.000), use of PPE (p = 0.000), personal hygiene (p = 0.000), and working period (p = 0.003) while unrelated factors are age (p = 0.373).
CONCLUSION: Fishermen should pay more attention to four factors, namely the history of skin diseases, the use of PPE, hygiene, and work period, to avoid contact dermatitis.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Agus Bintara Birawida, Anwar Mallongi, Fais M. Satrianegara, Ain Khaer, Appolo Appolo, Muhammad Restu (Author)
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