The Emotional State and Physical Condition of Indonesian College Students: An Emerging Situation during the Coronavirus Disease-19 Crisis in Indonesia


  • Andi Imam Arundhana Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia; Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  • Muhammad Iqbal Clinical Nutrition Study Program, State Polytechnic of Jember, The Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture, Jember, Indonesia
  • Siti Annisa Maharani Clinical Psychologist, Psychological Bureau Daya Potensia Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Aminuddin Syam Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia



depression, nutritional status, the COVID-19 epidemic, healthy behaviours, young-adult


BACKGROUND: Since the first cases in Wuhan China have been reported, the Coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 cases increased exponentially over the world. This disease might affect physical and mental well-being.

AIM: This study was aimed to examine the emotional state and physical condition of college students during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia.

METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional survey design in April 2020. The participants of the survey were adult that currently enrolled at one of the universities in Indonesia from diploma-1 to master’s degree. Information from a total of 1044 participants could be obtained. We used the developed self-reported questionnaire to collect information regarding socio-demographic, personal hygiene and healthy lifestyle, anthropometric measurement data, and depressive symptoms. Pearson Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test were performed using SPSS v.24 with a significant level of P < 0.05.

RESULTS: This study found that 31.1% of participants are possible depressed. Of 1044 students, 35.3% were malnourished (16.5% underweight and 18.8% overweight/obese). Factors associated with depressive symptoms are sleep longer than usual, gathering with family members, and working (for income-generating).

CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 probably affected the majority of Indonesian college students, especially for emotional and physical condition. The government should not neglect this group by providing clinical and social supports for their well-being.



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How to Cite

Arundhana AI, Iqbal M, Maharani SA, Syam A. The Emotional State and Physical Condition of Indonesian College Students: An Emerging Situation during the Coronavirus Disease-19 Crisis in Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Oct. 11 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];8(T1):261-7. Available from:

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