Brachial Plexus Injury: Recent Diagnosis and Management


  • Tito Sumarwoto Doctoral Program, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia; Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Orthopedic Hospital Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Heri Suroto Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga Universitym, Regional General Hospital Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Ferdiansyah Mahyudin Abdelrahid
  • Dwikora Novembri Utomo Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga Universitym, Regional General Hospital Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Seti Aji Hadinoto Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Orthopedic Hospital Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Abdulhamid Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Orthopedic Hospital Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Pamudji Utomo Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Orthopedic Hospital Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Romaniyanto Romaniyanto Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Orthopedic Hospital Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • R. Andhi Prijosedjati Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Orthopedic Hospital Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Sholahuddin Rhatomy Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital, Klaten, Indonesia; 5Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia



Brachial plexus injury, Diagnosis, Current management


Brachial plexus injury is known to be one of the most serious upper limb injuries, causes paralysis of the upper limbs and changes in activity of daily living, with the consequence disruption of activity of daily living, socio-economic problems, depression, and hopelessness. Management must be done properly. The evaluation and examination consist of detailed anamnesis on chronological events, complete physical examination, imaging studies, and electrophysiology study. Management can be done nonsurgically and surgically. Knowledge of the history of injury, timing of surgery, priority in restoring function, and managing patient expectations are important concepts in treating patient with brachial plexus injury. Timing is a very important thing. The results of these interventions vary depending on several parameters. Recognizing the basic principles of managing brachial plexus injuries is indispensable for all clinicians who treat these injuries.


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How to Cite

Sumarwoto T, Suroto H, Mahyudin F, Utomo DN, Hadinoto SA, Abdulhamid M, Utomo P, Romaniyanto R, Prijosedjati RA, Rhatomy S. Brachial Plexus Injury: Recent Diagnosis and Management. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Jan. 12 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];9(F):13-24. Available from:



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