The Determinant Factors of Stunting Among Children in Urban Slums Area, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


  • Titih Huriah Postgraduate Program, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, Indonesia
  • Putri Handayani Student of School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, Indonesia
  • Tiwi Sudyasih Department of Community Nursing, School of Nursing, Universitas Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Bambang Edi Susyanto Department of Pediatric Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, Indonesia



Stunting, Children Under Five, Urban Area, Case control


BACKGROUND: In Indonesia, health indicators in urban areas are better than in rural areas. It is related to the health services’ accessibility. However, in some regions, the stunting rate among children under five in urban areas is higher than in rural areas, including in Yogyakarta.

AIM: The research purpose was to analyze the determinant factor influencing the stunting incidence in children under five in urban slums areas.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design employed a case control with a sample of mother and 29 children under five as a case group and 42 children under five as a control group in Yogyakarta District during the December–January 2020 period. The inclusion criteria were children aged 6–59 months living in the urban slum area, while the exclusion criteria were children who had physical and mental disabilities, suffering from illness or were hospitalized, and had congenital diseases. The data collection was conducted by questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. Data analysis used central tendency, Chi-square, and logistic regression.

RESULTS: The results showed that the majority of children were girls in the case group and boys in the control group with a history of non-exclusive breastfeeding. Most respondents have mothers with low levels of education and work as housewives. The results of the correlation test showed that of the seven variables studied as a risk factor, there are two factors which were birth weight and mother occupation which were related with stunting in children under five with p = 0.041 and 0.047, respectively.

CONCLUSION: This study concluded that birth weight (AOR = 3.49) and mother’s occupation (AOR = 0.25) are the determinant cause of stunting in children under 5 years of age in urban slums areas. The pregnant women’s health promotion needs to be improved because it will affect birth weight, a risk factor for stunting in children under five.


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How to Cite

Huriah T, Handayani P, Sudyasih T, Susyanto BE. The Determinant Factors of Stunting Among Children in Urban Slums Area, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Feb. 5 [cited 2021 Apr. 16];9(T4):1-5. Available from: