Hemodynamics Changes in the Phase Before, During, and After Sleep Based on Patients’ Sleep Quality in High Care Unit


  • Sri Suparti Nursing Study Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Banyumas, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3544-2848
  • Darono Darono Intensive Care Unit Nurse, Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo Hospital, Banyumas, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1546-2665
  • Nurul Fatwati Fitriana Nursing Study Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Banyumas, Indonesia
  • Nastiti Asri Wijaya Nursing Study Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Banyumas, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1670-1528




Hemodynamic, Sleep, HCU, MAP, SpO2


BACKGROUND: Sleep is a human physiological need that must be fulfilled. Sleep disturbance is generally experienced by hospitalized patients and measured by sleep quality. Sleep disturbance can adversely affect hemodynamic parameters, physiological, and psychological outcome that contribute to the healing of patients. However, few literatures discussing the hemodynamic changes based on the patients’ sleep quality.

AIM: The study aimed to describe the hemodynamic changes before, during, and after sleeping phases

METHODS: This is an observational analytic quantitative study conducted between February and March 2019 and involved 45 patients. The samples were the conscious patients, aged between 18 and 60 years old (adult) and had been hospitalized for more than 2 days. The Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire was utilized to measure the patients sleep quality, while hemodynamic values were observed by patients’ bedside monitor before, during and after sleep. Data analysis used the Friedman test to determine hemodynamic changes.

RESULTS: The results showed that most respondents were female (75.6%), used oxygen (46.7%), sleep in supine position (55.6%), and average age of 35.47 (standard deviation [SD] = 9.581) years old. Patients’ sleep quality score was 44.27 (SD = 22.809), with the average days of treatment were 2.47 days (SD = 694). The average score of Hemodynamic Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP), Heart Rate (HR), and Oxygen saturation (SpO2) before sleeping was 97.64, 94.04, and 94.09, during sleeping was 89.87, 85.00, and 91.22 while after sleeping was 98.27, 97.56, and 97.89, respectively. There was a significant change in HR with p = 0.019, and there was no significant change in the MAP (p = 0.152) and SpO2 (p = 0.149)

CONCLUSION: There were variations in hemodynamic score changes before, during, and after sleep, changes in MAP, HR, and SpO2 score within normal ranges. The high hemodynamic changes in the early phase, decrease during sleep, and rise again after sleep. HR is a hemodynamic parameter that significantly changes in those three phases. Monitoring of hemodynamic values in patients could be carried out in the before, during, and after sleep phases to determine the patients’ physiological and psychological condition so as to contribute the healing process.


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How to Cite

Suparti S, Darono D, Fitriana NF, Wijaya NA. Hemodynamics Changes in the Phase Before, During, and After Sleep Based on Patients’ Sleep Quality in High Care Unit. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 14 [cited 2022 Dec. 6];9(T4):218-23. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/5819

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