Self-hypnosis Model Reduces Anxiety and Pain in Post-general Anesthesia Patients


  • Tri Prabowo Department of Nursing, Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia



anxiety, pain, post general anesthesia, self-hypnosis model


BACKGROUND: General psychological responses are related to fear of anesthesia, pain, uncertain diagnosis, malignancy, incompetence, failure, surgical room environment, and horrifying stories from others. Excessive physiological responses tend to complicate and affect anesthetic actions.

AIM: This study aims to determine the effect of self-hypnosis model (SHM) on the reduction of anxiety and pain in patients after general anesthesia.

METHODS: There was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design with control design. Respondents were recruited using simple random sampling technique. Forty respondents were divided into two groups: Intervention (20) and control (20). State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale were used to measure pain. Data were analyzed using dependent t-test.

RESULTS: Findings indicated that there was a significant difference in the level of anxiety (p = 0.041) and level of pain (p = 0.001) in the intervention group.

CONCLUSIONS: There is an effect of giving self-hypnosis model (SHM) to decrease anxiety and pain in post-general anesthesia patients.


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How to Cite

Prabowo T. Self-hypnosis Model Reduces Anxiety and Pain in Post-general Anesthesia Patients. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 9 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];9(T4):137-40. Available from: