Sarcopenia and Bone Mass Loss as Risks during Aging on Female Elderly with Light Activity


  • Yoni Astuti Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Zulkhah Noor Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Rahmah Rahmah Department of Pediatrics Nursing of Nursing Schools, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia



Aging, Sarcopenia, bone loss, Mild activity


BACKGROUND: Aging is a normal physiological process. The aspect of aging can be delayed by a measurable activity that is carried out early and regularly also intake health nutrition. Measurement of body composition is needed to analyze physiological changes due to aging so it can be used to compile a program of activities also diet to delay the aging process.

AIM: The aim of this study is to address the potential risks during aging process in people with light physical activity in Gamping, Patukan.

METHODS: Method of this research is the cross-sectional method. Subjects were 190 females with light physical activity that divided into Group 1 (70 females) with an average age 43.71 ± 5.37 years old and Group 2 (120 females) with an average age 61.72 ± 6.82 years old. Body composition was measured by the whole body composition diagnostic scale BG21.

RESULTS: The result showed that t-test between Group 1 and Group 2 was significant differences p < 0.05, CI = 0.95 in weight body, body mass index (BMI), muscle mass, bone mass, and active metabolism rate (AMR). The percentage decreasing number for body composition was 13.5%, 12.5%, 8.9%, 4.2%, 25.9%, and 12.8% on weight, BMI, muscle mass, bone mass, and AMR, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Female with light activity has a risk as sarcopenia and bone loss during aging. The future programme of this community need to encourage of increasing the physic activity and improving life style to slow the bone loss and muscle loss.


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How to Cite

Astuti Y, Noor Z, Rahmah R. Sarcopenia and Bone Mass Loss as Risks during Aging on Female Elderly with Light Activity. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 May 26];9(T4):168-71. Available from: