Effect Vladimir Janda Balance Training on Postural Sway and Leg Muscle Strength

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.5988

Keywords:

External loads, Leg muscle strength, Postural sway, Vladimir Janda balance training

Abstract

Background: The majority of people who work as tea plantation pickers are powerful. They carry heavy loads of tea on their backs while the roads are quite dangerous and sometimes cause problems. A balance training program has proven to reduce postural sway, increasing leg muscle strength and improving balance strategies.

Objective:The aim of this study was to determine the effect of  Vladimir Janda balance training methods with an external load on postural sway and leg muscle strength of tea pickers.

Methods: The study design used was quasi-experimental with a randomized control group pretest-posttest design. Subjects were tea pickers consisting of a productive age group of 15 people and 15 people as a control treatment group. The Vladimir Janda method balance exercises were conducted over five weeks consisting of 5 phases. Phase I-IV were carried out 5 times a week, while the V phase was done 3 times a week and each session lasted 15 minutes. Postural sway was measured with a posturometer. Leg muscle strength was measured by a back-leg dynamometer. The statistical tests used were Independent T-test and the Mann-Whitney test.

Results:The statistical test for the control and treatment groups using the Mann-Whitney test showed p = 0.001, meaning no external load effects on postural sway. Independent t-test showed p = 0.000, meaning there are differences in the effect between the treatment and control groups after being given balance exercises to increase leg muscle strength. Logistic regression test results obtained the ROC value of 0.917, meaning the Vladimir Janda balance training can affect the postural sway and knee extensor muscle strength by 91.7%.

Conclusion: The Vladimir Janda balance exercise method can reduce postural sway and increase the strength of knee extensor muscles and ankle flexor Dorsi muscles. External loads can affect the postural sway.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Rosida A. Pengaruh Faktor Internal Konsumen dan Kinerja Bauran Pemasaran Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Komoditas Teh oleh Konsumen Rumah Tangga di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Bandung: Universitas Padjajaran; 2006. https://doi.org/10.30587/matrik.v21i2.1663

Karanganyar PK. Wisata Perkebunan Teh Karanganyar. Karanganyar PK; 2015.

Rakhmayanti A. Pengaruh Budaya Terhadap Kinerja Pemetik Teh. Pagilaran, Batang: Rakhmayanti A; 2014.

Yulitania DD. Perbedaan Pengaruh Peregangan dan William Flexion Exercise Terhadap Nyeri Punggung Bawah Non Spesifik Pada Pemetik Teh di Perkebunan Teh Jamus. Surakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta; 2015. https://doi.org/10.37341/interest.v6i1.93

Qu X, Nussbaum MA. Effects of external loads on balance control during upright stance: Experimental results and modelbased predictions. Gait Posture. 2009;29(1):23-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.05.014 PMid:18632273

Schiepatti M, Nardone A, Schmid M. Neck muscle fatigue affects postural control in man. Neuroscience. 2013;121(2):277-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0306-4522(03)00439-1 PMid:14521987

Simpson KM, Munro BJ, Steele J. Effect of load mass on posture, heart rate and subjective responses of recreational female hikers to prolonged load carriage. Appl Ergon. 2011;42(3):403-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2010.08.018 PMid:20870217

Masitoh I. Fenomena Balance Exercise Untuk Meningkatkan Keseimbangan Postural Lanjut Usia; 2013.

Page P. Sensorimotor training: A eningkatkan Keseimbangan Post training. J Bodywork Movement Ther. 2006;10:77-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2005.04.006

Muscles JV. Central nervous motor regulation and back problems. In: The Neurobiologic Mechanisms in Manipulative Therapy. Boston, MA: Springer US; 1978. p. 27-41. Available from: http://www.link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4684-8902-6_2. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-8902-6_2. [Last accessed on 2021 Jun 17]

Janda V. On the concept of postural muscles and posture in man. Aust J Physiother. 1983;29(3):83-4. PMid:25025491

Ting M, McPherson J. A limited set of muscle synergies for force control during a postural task. J Neurophysiol. 2005;93(1):609-13. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00681.2004 PMid:15342720

Rugelj D, Sevrg/10.1152/jn.00681.2load mass and its placement on postural sway. Appl Ergon. 2011;42(6):860-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2011.02.002 PMid:21356532

Grimmer K, Danise B, Milanese S, Pirunsan U, Tront P. Adolescent standing postural response to backpack loadsand its placement on postural swamental study. BMC Musculosc Disord. 2002;3:10. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-3-10 PMid:11960561

Goh JH, Thambyah A, Bose K. Effects of varying backpack loads on peak forces in the lumbosacral spine during walking. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1998;13(Suppl 1):S26-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0268-0033(97)00071-5 PMid:11430787

Chow DHK, Li MF, Lai A, Pope MH. Effect of load carriage on spinal compression. Int J Ind Ergon. 2011;41(3):219-23.

Pau M, Kim S, Nussbaum MA. Does load carriage differentially alter postural sway in overweight vs. normal-weight schoolchildren? Gait Posture. 2012;35(3):378-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.10.354 PMid:22088849

Fiolkowski P, Horodyski M, Bishop M, Williams M, Stylianou L. Changes in gait kinematics and posture with the use of a front pack. Ergonomics. 2006;49(9):885-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130600667444 PMid:16801234

Hwang S, Agada P, Kiemel T, Jeka JJ. Identification of the unstable human postural control system. Front Syst Neurosci. 2016;10:22. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2016.00022 PMid:27013990

Emery C, Cassidy J, Klassen T, Rosychuk R, Rowe B. Effect of a home-based balance training program in reducing sports related injuries among healthy adolescents: A cluster randomized controlled trial. CMAJ. 2005;172(6):749-54. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.1040805 PMid:15767608

Yaggie JA, Campbell BM. Effects of balance training on selected skills. J Strength Cond Res. 2006;20(2):422-8. https://doi.org/10.1519/r-17294.1 PMid:16686574

Nepocatych S, Ketcham CJ, Vallabhajosula S, Balilionis G. The effects of unstable surface balance training on postural sway, stability, functional ability and flexibility in women. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2018;58(1-2):27-34. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000478570.20691.33 PMid:27991482

Venetsanou F. Effect of an exercise program emphasing coordination on preschoolerssurface balance training on postural sway, stabilit-55.

Katayama Y, Senda M, Hamada M, Kataoka M, Shintani M, Inoue H. Relationship between postural balance and knee and toe muscle power in young women. Acta Med Okayama. 2004;58(4):189-95. PMid:15551756

Ganong W.F. Review of medical physiology. In: Review of Medical Physiology. 22nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill Companies; 2005.

Clarys JP, Alewaeters K, Zinzen E. The influence of geographic variations on the muscular activity in selected sports movements. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2001;11(6):451-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1050-6411(01)00020-7 PMid:11738957

Dankel SJ, Jessee MB, Mattocks KT, Mouser JG, Counts BR, Buckner SL, et al. Training to fatigue: The answer for standardization when assessing muscle hypertrophy? Sport Med. 2016;47(6):1021-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0633-7 PMid:27677915

Sozzi S, Honeine J-L, Do M-C, Schieppati M. Leg muscle activity during tandem stance and the control of body balance in the frontal plane. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124(6):1175-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2012.12.001 PMid:23294550

Skelton D. Tailored group exercise (falls management exercise--FaME) reduces falls in community-dwelling older frequent fallers (an RCT). Age Ageing. 2005;34(6):636-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afi174 PMid:16267192

SerráerrV, da SerráerrR, Foerster B, Tann.1093/Pedro VM, Salvini TF. Assessment of the quadriceps femoris muscle in women after injury induced by maximal eccentric isokinetic exercise with low angular speed. J Sports Sci Med. 2007;6(1):106-16. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-879x2003000600014 PMid:24149232

Downloads

Published

2021-07-29

How to Cite

1.
Setiorini A, Agustiningsih D, Yunus J, Budiharjo S. Effect Vladimir Janda Balance Training on Postural Sway and Leg Muscle Strength. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Jul. 29 [cited 2022 Jan. 24];9(A):477-82. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/5988

Issue

Section

Sports Medicine

Categories