Effectiveness of Diabetes Self-management Education Against Diet Behavior in Patients Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Literature Review
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diabetes self-management education, Diet behavior
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease that describes a problem with insulin deficiency and the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin. The World Health Organization predicts that the number of people with DM type II in Indonesia will increase to 12 million by 2030.
AIM: This study looks at Journals on diabetes selfmanagement education (DSME) on DM patients in improving dietary behavior.
METHODS: This study uses an online journal database that provides free articles and journals in PDF such as: ProQuest, EBCSO, PubMed, Elsevier, Scinapse, MDPI, and Google Scholar. Literature was collected from the past 10 years, namely, 2010–2020 using the following set of keywords: “DSME,” “DSME Program Evaluation,” and “Diabetes Self-Care Education.”
RESULTS: DSME intervention can improve the condition of DM patients if it is routinely carried out. In addition, the DSME intervention was able to control hemoglobin A1c levels and control blood sugar. This intervention still needs to be developed, considering that various forms of education in DM patients have been carried out such as using text messages, leaflets, illustrated pictures or leaflets, by telephone, video, handbooks, or direct education. These investigations can be developed into empirical research.CONCLUSIONS: The application of DSME interventions can help improve the conditions experienced by DM type II sufferers if it is routinely carried out.
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