Biting Pattern and Seasonality of Filariasis Vector of Mansonia spp. in Endemic Area of Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Authors

  • Rini Pratiwi Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Science, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia; Department of Environmental Science, Graduate School, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6112-1194
  • Adri Huda Department of Environmental Science, Graduate School, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia; Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Ghiffari Department of Environmental Science, Graduate School, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia; Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang, Palembang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1518-2364
  • Chairil Anwar Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Science, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.6138

Keywords:

Transmission monitoring, Filariasis, Mansonia, Diversity, Mosquito behavior

Abstract

The diversity and biting activity of Mansonia is important to be determined as to predict the incriminated vector and pattern the mosquito behaviour in establishing the vector control programme. The present study has been successfully conducted to investigate the prolonged biting behaviour of Mansonia spp. in two villages in Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatera Province-Indonesia, using Human Landing Collection method (HLC) in indoor and outdoor for 14 months. The result shows that there are 4956 Mansonia spp. mosquitoes collected during the study comprising 6 species: Mansonia uniformis (40.37%), Mansonia annulifera (32.04%), Mansonia indiana (19.97%), Mansonia bonneae (5.28), Mansonia dives (2.14%); and Mansonia annulata (0.18%). The further investigation confirms that Mansonia uniformis (41.254%) and Mansonia bonneae (45.490%) become the most dominant species caught in Sedang village and Muara Sugih village, respectively and find higher biting activities in outdoor than indoor with biting peaked time at approximately 18.00-19.00. However, the biting activities is also observed in daytime, indicating the behaviour change of Mansonia spp. as the nocturnal mosquitoes. Furthermore, the periods of the highest biting rates are found in April 2017 and May 2017 in Sedang village and May 2018 in Muara Sugih Village. The high period of biting activities and behaviours become the valuable information to arrange the further controlling action of filariasis transmission in Sedang and Muara Sugih Villages as the endemic area of filariasis in South Sumatera, Indonesia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Dickson BF, Graves PM, McBride WJ. Lymphatic filariasis in mainland Southeast Asia. A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence and disease burden. Trop Med Infect Dis. 2017;2(3):32. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed2030032

World Health Organization. World health organization global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis: Progress report, 2015. Wkly Epidemiol Record. 2016;91:441-60.

Maldjian C, Khanna V, Tandon B, Then M, Yassin M, Adam R, et al. Lmphatic filariasis disseminating to the upper extremity. Case Rep Radiol. 2014;2014:985680. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/985680 PMid:24707427

Dickson BF, Graves PM, Aye NN, New TW, Wai T, Win SS, et al. The prevalence of lymphatic filariasis infection and disease flowing six rounds of mass drug administration in Mandalay Region, Myanmar. PLoS Nigl Trop Dis. 2018;12(11):e0006944. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006944

Molyneux D. Lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) elimination: A public health success and development opportunity. Filaria J. 2003;2(1):13. PMid:13129436

Haryuningtyas D, Subekti DT. Deteksi mikrofilaria/larva cacing Brugia malayi pada nyamuk dengan polimerace chain reaction. JITV. 2008;13(3):240-8.

Chandra G. Nature limits filarial transmission. Parasit Vectors. 2008;1(1):13. PMid:18500974

Kariuki MM, Hearne LB, Beerntsen BT. Differential transcript expression between the microfilariae of the filarial nematodes, Brugia malayi and B. pahangi. BMC Genomics. 2010;11(1):25. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-11-225

Tan LH, Fong MY, Mahmud R, Muslim A, Lau YL, Kamarulzaman A. Zoonotic Brugia pahangi filariasis in a suburbia of Kuala Lumpur City, Malaysia. Parasitol Int. 2011;60(1):111-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2010.09.010 PMid:20951228

Onapa AW, Pedersen EM, Reimert CM, Simonsen PE. A role for mansonia uniformis mosquitoes in the transmission of lymphatic filariasis in Uganda? Acta Trop. 2007;101(2):159-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2007.01.003 PMid:17316535

Pratiwi R, Anwar C, Salni S, Hermansyah H, Putra R, Huda A. Species diversity and community composition of mosquitoes in a filariasis endemic area in Banyuasin District, South Sumatera, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 2019;20:453-62. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d200222

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Banyuasin. Profil Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Banyuasin. Jakarta: Pangkalan Balai; 2016. https://doi.org/10.48093/jiask.v3i1.31

Gimnig JE, Walker ED, Otieno P, Kosgei J, Olang G, Ombok M, et al. Incidence of malaria among mosquito collectors conducting human landing catches in Western Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013;88(2):301-8. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0209 PMid:23249685

Barnard DR, Dickerson CZ, Murugan K, Xue RD, Kline DL, Bernier UR. Measurement of landing mosquito density on humans. Acta Trop. 2014;136:58-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.04.019 PMid:24769003

Ghiffari A, Pratiwi R, Anwar C, Dalillah. Monitoring Lymphatic Filariasis Interventions through Adult Mosquito PCR sampling in South Sumatera Province, Indonesia. Vol. 8. International Conference and the 10th of the Entomological Society of Indonesia (ICCESI 2019); 2019. p. 224-28. https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.200513.039

Gass RF, Deesin T, Sucharit S, Surathin K, Vutikes S. Dispersal and flight range studies on Mansonia annulata, Mansonia indiana, and Mansonia uniformis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Southern Thailand. J Med Entomol. 1983;20(3):288-93. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/20.3.288 PMid:6135807

De Carvalho GC, Ceretti-Junior W, Barrio-Nuevo KM, Christe RO, De Paula MB, Vendrami DP, et al. Composition and diversity of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in urban parks in the South region of the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Biota Neotropica. 2017;17(2):1-7. https://doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-bn-2016-0274

Chen C, Wan N, Nurin Z, Lee HL, Faezah K, Izzul A, et al. Biting behaviour of medically important mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Trop Biomed. 2017;34(1):199-211. PMid:33592999

Bashar K, Rahman MS, Nodi IJ, Howlader AJ. Species composition and habitat characterization of mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae in semi-urban areas of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Pathog Glob Health. 2016;110(2):48-61. https://doi.org/10.1080/20477724.2016.1179862 PMid:27241953

Mazigo HD, Mboera LE, Rumisha SF, Kweka EJ. Malaria mosquito control in rice paddy farms using biolarvicide mixed with fertilizer in Tanzania: Semi-field experiments. Malaria J. 2019;18(1):226. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-019-2861-4 PMid:31286986

Okorie PN, Popoola KO, Awobifa OM, Ibrahim KT, Ademowo GO. Species composition and temporal distribution of mosquito populations in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria. J Entomol Zool Stud. 2014;2(4):164-9. PMid:25520960

Foster WA, Walker ED. Mosquitoes (Culicidae). In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 3rd ed., Ch. 15. Cambridge: Academic Press; 2019. p. 261-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-814043-7.00015-7

Ciota AT, Drummond CL, Ruby MA, Drobnack J, Ebel GD, Kramer LD. Dispersal of Culex Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from a wastewater treatment facilitiy. J Med Entomol. 2012;49(1):35-42. https://doi.org/10.1603/me11077 PMid:22308769

Apiwathnasorn C, Samung Y, Prummongkol S, Asavanich A, Komalamisra N, Mccall P. Bionomics studies of Mansonia mosquitoes inhabiting the peat swamp forest. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006;37(2):272-8. PMid:17124985

Rohani A, Zamree I, Najdah W, Mohamad W, Hadi AA, Asmad M, et al. Nocturnal man biting habits of mosquito species in Serian, Sarawak, Malaysia. Adv Entomol. 2013;1(2):42-9. https://doi.org/10.4236/ae.2013.12009

Departemen Kesehatan RI. Pedoman Ekologi dan Aspek Perilaku Vektor. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan; 2004.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-26

How to Cite

1.
Pratiwi R, Huda A, Ghiffari A, Anwar C. Biting Pattern and Seasonality of Filariasis Vector of Mansonia spp. in Endemic Area of Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatera, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 26 [cited 2021 Sep. 20];9(E):509-17. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/6138

Issue

Section

Public Health Epidemiology

Categories