The Effect of Ophiocephalus striatus sp. Extract on Nitric Oxide in Ischemic Stroke Model


  • Iskandar Nasution Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumatera Utara, Haji Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, Indonesia
  • Hasan Sjahrir Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumatera Utara, Haji Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, Indonesia
  • Syafruddin Ilyas Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, University of Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Ichwan Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumatera Utara, Haji Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, Indonesia



Cerebral angiogenesis, Ophiocephalus striatus sp. extract, Nitric oxide, Ischemic stroke


BACKGROUND: One of alternative medicine in stroke therapy is Ophiocephalus striatus sp. extract. The nutrients contained in the O. striatus sp. extract, namely amino acids, fatty acids, cuprum, and zinc, are useful for the process of angiogenesis in poststroke patients through increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase.

AIM: We hypothesized that there was an effect of giving O. striatus sp. extract to cerebral angiogenesis process of Sprague Dawley rats ischemic stroke models through the level of NO.

METHODS: This was evidenced by conducting experimental studies on rats ischemic stroke models which were divided into five groups, (a) K (−) group (no ligation, no treatment), (b) K (+) group (ligation, no treatment), (c) P1 group (ligation, 200 mg extract), (d) P2 group (ligation, 400 mg extract), and (e) P3 group (ligation, 800 mg extract). Then blood sample was taken on day 3 to assess levels of NO.

RESULTS: There was increased level of NO in P1 (p = 0.001), P2 (p < 0.001), and P3 (p < 0.001) groups compared to K (+) group. The level of NO increases along with the increasing dose of O. striatus sp. extract. Histological examination revealed that there was formation of new blood vessel in the P1, P2, and P3 groups compared to K (+) group.

CONCLUSION: Our study showed that O. striatus sp. extract improves cerebral angiogenesis in rat models of ischemic stroke.


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How to Cite

Nasution I, Sjahrir H, Ilyas S, Ichwan M. The Effect of Ophiocephalus striatus sp. Extract on Nitric Oxide in Ischemic Stroke Model. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 2 [cited 2023 Sep. 23];9(T3):68-74. Available from:

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