Effect of Aerobic Exercise in Positive and Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia


  • Nazli Mahdinasari Nasution Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8723-3100
  • Elmeida Effendy Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Mustafa Mahmud Amin Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Ice Ratnalela Siregar Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Medan, Medan, Indonesia




Schizophrenia, PANSS, Aerobic exercise


BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that impacts on the individual and society. It is characterized by positive, negative, cognitive, affective, and aggressive symptoms. This condition has a detrimental influence on the ability of schizophrenic patients to work across all facets of everyday life, making it a significant clinical goal that cannot be handled with antipsychotics in a sufficient manner. The International Organization of Physical Therapy in Mental Health has confirmed that physical therapy helps to improve physical mental health and quality of life in multidisciplinary care for people with schizophrenia.

AIM: The aim of this study is to see the impact of aerobic exercise on schizophrenic patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at Prof. Dr. M. Ildrem Mental Hospital in 2016. Methods: 34 female chronic schizophrenic patients included in this study. They divided into two groups: Intervention and control group. The intervention group was given aerobic exercise, 3 times a week for 8 weeks.

RESULTS: We obtained a significant difference change in positive and negative scores of positive and negative syndrome scales between intervention group and control group (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: There is a significant change in positive and negative score of PANSS between intervention group and control group.


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How to Cite

Nasution NM, Effendy E, Amin MM, Siregar IR. Effect of Aerobic Exercise in Positive and Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 May 17 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];9(T3):178-81. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/6324

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