Determinants Model in Reducing HIV-Related Stigma in Health care Workers: A Systematic Review


  • Sri Handayani Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Tamalatea, Makassar 90245, Indonesia; Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
  • Alimin Maidin Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
  • Agus Bintara Birawida Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
  • Suriah Suriah Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
  • Ansariadi Ansariadi Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
  • Rahayu Indriasari Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
  • Stang Stang Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia



Determinants, Health care workers, HIV, Stigma


Background: The stigma accepted by people living with HIV (PLWHA) is a major obstacle in HIV prevention, especially from health workers.

Aims: This study aims to determine the factors associated with HIV stigma among health workers.

Methods: This systematic review was conducted using the 2015 PRISMA guidelines. All publications by reading the title and abstract. In the final screening stage, the authors read the full text of the remainder of the article and held back studies that were consistent with inclusion criteria, focusing on HIV-related stigma determinants published in 2010-2020.

Results: The stigma that comes from health workers to PLWHA can come from personal beliefs or a lack of personal confidence, which can be derived from self-confidence, self-confidence, knowledge, working time, and institutional support or policies from the workplace that create discriminatory behavior when dealing with PLWHA. The created stigma can reduce social interactions and the quality of life of PLWHA.

Conclusion: It is important to find determinants to formulate appropriate intervention plans in reducing HIV-related stigma, especially among health workers.


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How to Cite

Handayani S, Maidin A, Birawida AB, Suriah S, Ansariadi A, Indriasari R, Stang S. Determinants Model in Reducing HIV-Related Stigma in Health care Workers: A Systematic Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 12 [cited 2022 Oct. 1];9(F):441-6. Available from:



Systematic Review Article


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