Nurse Support on Health Cadre Empowerment and the Influence on the Ability of Women’s Mentoring Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome


  • Ernawati Ernawati Student, Doctor on Nursing Study Programmed, Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia; Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Nursalam Nursalam Department of Nursing, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Shimarti Rukmini Devy Department of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Edy Soesanto Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Sri Rejeki Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Semarang, Indonesia



Nurse’s support, Empowerment, Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Cadre, WLHA


BACKGROUND: In the context of community empowerment, the role of nurses as health workers is very important to transform the knowledge and skills of cadres. However, the support of nurses in empowering human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) health cadres has not been widely explained.

AIM: This study examines the effect of nurse support and empowerment on the ability of HIV/AIDS cadres to assist mothers with HIV/AIDS.

METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional approach. We involved 119 HIV/AIDS cadres including local residents who care about AIDS (WPA, n = 90), facilitators of families of hope (PKH, n = 17), and peer support groups (KDS, n = 12). Data collection was carried out from February to April 2020, the sample was selected using multistage cluster sampling in Kudus Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to determine the support of nurses, empowerment of HIV/AIDS cadres, and its effect on the ability of cadres in assisting women with HIV/AIDS.

RESULTS: We found that nurses’ support for the empowerment of HIV/AIDS cadres was low in almost all aspects (instrumental, informational, emotional, and affiliation). Nurse support and cadre empowerment affect the ability of HIV/AIDS cadres by 28%. Regression test formula Y = −97.080 + 0.738X1 + 1.944X2.

CONCLUSION: The results showed that the four types of nurse social support may be interrelated and are generally still low in the process of empowering HIV/AIDS cadres. There is an effect of nurse support and empowerment of HIV/AIDS cadres on the ability of cadres to assist women with HIV/AIDS.


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How to Cite

Ernawati E, Nursalam N, Devy SR, Soesanto E, Rejeki S. Nurse Support on Health Cadre Empowerment and the Influence on the Ability of Women’s Mentoring Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 11 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];9(G):112-7. Available from:



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