Role of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Predictor of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome in Blunt Abdominal Trauma Following Emergency Laparotomy in Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar

Authors

  • I Made Dwi Purnamantara Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1221-5546
  • I Ketut Wiargitha Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Tjok Gede Bagus Mahadewa Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.6699

Keywords:

Neutrophils-to-lymphocytes ratio, Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, Abdominal trauma, Predictor

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Abdominal trauma, both blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma, is the third most common trauma, which is about 10% after head trauma (30%) and chest trauma (20%). Trauma has an influence on the balance of the immune system. The excessive inflammatory response can trigger systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes acts as a marker of the inflammatory response in both surgical and non-surgical patients.

AIM: The purpose of the study was to predict the incidence of SIRS using neutrophils-to-lymphocytes ratio (NLR) in patients with blunt abdominal trauma undergoing emergency laparotomy.

METHODS: This study is an observational analytic study with a prospective design which was carried out at the emergency room, intensive care unit, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Surgery for 1 year from January 2019 to December 2019, involving 59 research subjects with the consecutive sampling method who is met the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

RESULTS: The area under the curve value obtained an NLR sensitivity of 87.1% with a cutoff point of 5.25. In the path analysis, it was found that NLR was the dominant factor and had a positive effect of 43.9% (p < 0.001) on SIRS.

CONCLUSION: NLR is expected to be used as a reference to predict the incidence of SIRS in blunt abdominal trauma following laparotomy emergency.

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Published

2021-10-06

How to Cite

1.
Purnamantara IMD, Wiargitha IK, Mahadewa TGB. Role of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Predictor of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome in Blunt Abdominal Trauma Following Emergency Laparotomy in Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 6 [cited 2021 Dec. 4];9(B):1105-10. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/6699