Health Education With Audiovisual Media and Relaxation Massage in Lowering Blood Pressure and Improved Sleep Quality for the Elderly

Authors

  • I Wayan Mustika Department of Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Denpasar, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ketut Sudiantara Department of Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Denpasar, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Agus Sri Lestari Department of Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Denpasar, Denpasar, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.6781

Keywords:

Health education, Relaxation massage, Hypertension, Sleep quality

Abstract

Intruduction: The aging process results in a progressive decline in physiological functions with age, including a decrease in productivity. Hypertension is a major problem in public health in Indonesia and in developing countries. Hypertension is a common cause of disturbed sleep patterns, due to structural and functional changes in the peripheral vascular system. The purpose of this study was the effect of health education with audiovisual methods and relaxation massage to reduce blood pressure and sleep quality disorders in the elderly. Materials and Methods: Experimental research (community trial) with pretest-posttest control group design. The target population in this study is the elderly who are included in the elderly age group, namely > 50 years in Selemadeg District, Tabanan Regency. The sample size is 90 elderly, determined based on the results of previous studies with a standard deviation (σ) = 0.51, the difference in the mean of cognitive changes (μ1- 2) = 0.30. divided into two groups, the treatment group and the control group. The independent variable is health education using audiovisual media and Relaxation Massage and the dependent variable is blood pressure. Data collection tools in the form of sphygmomanometer, observation sheet. Data analysis used independent t-test, paired t-test and Multivariate ANOVA test. Result: The blood pressure of the treatment group before the intervention mostly had grade I hypertension (53.3%), and after the intervention most of the blood pressure improved to normal (57.8%), and this result was statistically significant (0.000). In the treatment group before the intervention, many had poor sleep quality (46.7%), and after the intervention improved sleep quality in the good category (53.3%), and this result was statistically significant (0.000). Conclotion: It is concluded that the provision of health education with audiovisual methods and massage relaxation can reduce blood pressure and improve sleep quality in the elderly.

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Published

2021-09-08

How to Cite

1.
Mustika IW, Sudiantara K, Lestari AS. Health Education With Audiovisual Media and Relaxation Massage in Lowering Blood Pressure and Improved Sleep Quality for the Elderly. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 8 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];9(G):118-23. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/6781

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Nursing in Internal Medicine

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