A Simple Way to Reduce the Risk of Being Exposed to COVID-19 Using Instruments for Children
Keywords:Instruments, Non-natural disaster risk, Children
Background. Children need to get protection during the Covid-19 pandemic, in accordance with Presidential Regulation 12/2020 on The Determination of Non-Natural Disasters. The purpose of the research is to develop non-natural disaster risk instruments for children. Research methods. This type of research is Research and Development. The participant population is divided into 3 roles, Focussed group discussion participants (20 people), instrument testing (267 respondents) and experts (methodology experts and disaster experts). Instrument development is carried out in 5 (five) stages, namely: 1) instrument evaluation; 2) development; 3) experiment; 4) socialization; 5) recommendations. The results showed that from 32 valid items, 25 items were all reliable because the Cronbach alpha value was above 0.7. Not valid for 7 items. The results of the instrument trial of 267 children, who had the potential to be exposed to Covid-19 were 69% who were not exposed to 31%. Of the 69%, strong exposure is 2%, high exposure is 15% and medium exposure is 83%. Conclusion: The developed non-natural disaster risk instrument can be used to assess disaster risk for children. The instrument works well, has efficiency, functionality and usability. Outputs: 1) disaster risk instruments for children; 2) intellectual property rights; 3) publication of international journals 4) monograph books.
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