A Simple Way to Reduce the Risk of Being Exposed to COVID-19 Using Instruments for Children


  • Hery Sumasto Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Jawa Timur, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6255-8224
  • Subagyo Subagyo Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Bambang Hadi Sugito Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Hadi Purwanto Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Nurwening Tyas Wisnu Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Jawa Timur, Indonesia




Instruments, Non-natural disaster risk, Children


Background. Children need to get protection during the Covid-19 pandemic, in accordance with Presidential Regulation 12/2020 on The Determination of Non-Natural Disasters. The purpose of the research is to develop non-natural disaster risk instruments for children. Research methods. This type of research is Research and Development. The participant population is divided into 3 roles, Focussed group discussion participants (20 people), instrument testing (267 respondents) and experts (methodology experts and disaster experts). Instrument development is carried out in 5 (five) stages, namely: 1) instrument evaluation; 2) development; 3) experiment; 4) socialization; 5) recommendations. The results showed that from 32 valid items, 25 items were all reliable because the Cronbach alpha value was above 0.7. Not valid for 7 items. The results of the instrument trial of 267 children, who had the potential to be exposed to Covid-19 were 69% who were not exposed to 31%. Of the 69%, strong exposure is 2%, high exposure is 15% and medium exposure is 83%. Conclusion: The developed non-natural disaster risk instrument can be used to assess disaster risk for children. The instrument works well, has efficiency, functionality and usability. Outputs: 1) disaster risk instruments for children; 2) intellectual property rights; 3) publication of international journals 4) monograph books.


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How to Cite

Sumasto H, Subagyo S, Sugito BH, Purwanto H, Wisnu NT. A Simple Way to Reduce the Risk of Being Exposed to COVID-19 Using Instruments for Children. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 18 [cited 2021 Oct. 19];9(G):100-4. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/6842



Nursing in Internal Medicine