mHealth Conceptual Model for Providing Quality Antenatal Care in Health Centers during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic


  • Delmaifanis Delmaifanis Department of Reproductive Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
  • Kemal Siregar Department of Biostatistics and Population, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
  • Artha Prabawa Department of Biostatistics and Population, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia



mHealth, Quality of antenatal care, Pregnant women, Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, Teleconsultation


BACKGROUND: In Indonesia, the maternal mortality rate is still high and far from the Sustainable Development Goals target of 305 compared to 70 per 100,000 live births.

AIM: This study aims to design the mHealth concept to improve the quality of antenatal care (ANC) with features that support service workers during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

METHODS: The method used was literature study and conceptual design of the mHealth model with Rapid Application Development approach.

RESULTS: The result showed that several factors influence the quality of ANC and the potential for improvement with mHealth. There are nine features of pregnancy services designed to improve the quality of ANC, such as standard operating procedure compliance, maternal health records, clinical decision aids, referral links, teleconsultation, health promotion improvement, alerts, and reminders, real-time reports, and distribution maps for pregnant women. The depicted context diagram consists of four external entities such as pregnant women, midwives, maternal and child health coordinators at Health centers and Health offices in Indonesia as well as the flow of data or information to and from mHealth, and the interface design understands users’ role and is executed accordingly.

CONCLUSION: The problems of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic or the new normal were partially resolved with mHealth innovations, teleconsultation features, and improving health promotion. Therefore, all the mHealth features this helps in improving the quality of ANC.


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How to Cite

Delmaifanis D, Siregar K, Prabawa A. mHealth Conceptual Model for Providing Quality Antenatal Care in Health Centers during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 18 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];9(E):828-34. Available from:



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