The Association between Smartphone Addiction and Insomnia Incidence in Students of the Faculty of Medicine Udayana University Batch of 2020 during the Coronavirus Disease-19 Pandemic


  • Anak Agung Bagus Putra Indrakusuma Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  • I. Made Angga Sayoga Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  • Stevanus Christian Surya Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  • Agung Wiwiek Indrayani Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Gusti Ayu Artini Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia



Coronavirus disease-19 pandemic, Insomnia, Smartphone addiction


BACKGROUND: The use of smartphones is increasing in the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic for various purposes, this encourages smartphone addiction. In addition, the incidence of insomnia has also increased in the pandemic era.

AIM: This study was conducted to find an association between smartphone addiction and the incidence of insomnia, especially among students of the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University.

METHOD: This research is a descriptive-analytic study with the cross-sectional method, using two main questionnaires, Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version, and Insomnia Severity Index. Questionnaires were distributed using Google forms and then collected and analyzed using software SPSS version 25.

RESULT: Overall the total research respondents with the inclusion criteria in this study amounted to 364 people. The results showed that 212 respondents (58.24%) had a high level of smartphone addiction and 152 respondents (41.76%) had a low level of smartphone addiction. In addition, 187 respondents (51.37%) experienced mild insomnia, 87 respondents (23.9%) experienced moderate insomnia, 13 respondents (3.57%) experienced severe insomnia, and 77 respondents (21.15%) did not experience insomnia. Based on the results of data analysis, it was found that smartphone addiction had a significant relationship (p = 0.002) with weak and positive correlation (r = 0.162) to the incidence of insomnia.

CONCLUSION: It was found that the majority of respondents experienced high levels of smartphone addiction and mild insomnia. Another finding suggests the higher addiction to the smartphones, the more severe insomnia suffered.


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How to Cite

Indrakusuma AABP, Sayoga IMA, Surya SC, Indrayani AW, Artini IGA. The Association between Smartphone Addiction and Insomnia Incidence in Students of the Faculty of Medicine Udayana University Batch of 2020 during the Coronavirus Disease-19 Pandemic. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 20 [cited 2023 May 29];9(B):1207-14. Available from:

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