Identification and Analysis of Stunting Risk Factors in Children under Three Years of Age in the Area of Kampar Watershed


  • Riski Novera Yenita Department of Public Health, STIKes Al-Insyirah, Doctoral Student on Program of Environmental Science, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Thamrin Thamrin Department of Environmental Science, Doctoral Program of Environmental Science, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Bintal Amin Department of Marine Science, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
  • Agrina Agrina Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia



Stunting, Kids with age under three years old, Kampar watershed


Growth and development that is not optimal is a form of chronic malnutrition, one of which is marked by height for age which is below the standard deviation (<-2 SD) and is called stunting. Stunting has a negative impact on children's motor development, reduces children's performance in school, increases the risk of excess nutrition, infectious diseases, and even death as well as reduces productivity in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for stunting in people living in the Kampar watershed. This research is a mixed-method with an explanatory sequential design which is a modification of (1–3). The research was carried out on people living in the Kampar river basin. The priority areas for specific stunting reduction interventions in this study are the Work Areas of the Kampar Kiri Hulu II Health Center, the Koto Kampar XIII Health Center, and the Kampar Kiri Health Center. This study found that the dominant factors of the five variables were home sanitation and parenting, as both affected the incidence of stunting. The findings obtained are different from the results of data analysis obtained from interviews, observations, and descriptive statistics. Based on the results of data analysis from interviews, observations, and descriptive statistics, it was found that all variables of the three factors became the main factors that had a close relationship with the incidence of stunting in the community in the Kampar watershed.


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How to Cite

Yenita RN, Thamrin T, Amin B, Agrina A. Identification and Analysis of Stunting Risk Factors in Children under Three Years of Age in the Area of Kampar Watershed. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 14 [cited 2021 Dec. 4];9(G):149-57. Available from:



Public Health Epidemiology