Philosophy, Law, and Ethics of Handling COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia


  • Kelik Wardiono Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Khudzaifah Dimyati Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Sigit Sapto Nugroho Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Heru Nugroho Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Health Polytechnic of Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Joel Rey Acob Department of Nursing, Visayas State University, Leyte, Philippines
  • Arief Budiono Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Indonesia



Philosophy, Law, Covid 19, Pandemic


BACKGROUND: During the pandemic, COVID-19 spread very quickly between people. Thus, the patients’ rights to obtain treatment do not have to decrease the protection of the public. The perspectives of ethics, law, and justice prioritize the rights of the public as stated in the principle “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto” (Public safety is the highest law as regulated in the law).

METHODS: This research employs the statute approach with comprehensive, all-inclusive, and systematic manners to the ratio legis of the Health Law. It also uses the philosophy approach.

RESULTS: In Indonesia, the regulatory handling of the COVID-19 pandemic is based on the Law on Infectious Disease Outbreak. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the quick spread of this disease causes many fatalities. Thus, individual rights of patients must be ruled out to prioritize public rights.

CONCLUSION: The legal perspective upholds the “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto” principle, namely, public safety is the highest law was the core of philosophy, law and ethics handling covid 19 pandemic.


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Author Biography

Heru Nugroho, Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Health Polytechnic of Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia

Associate Professor


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How to Cite

Wardiono K, Dimyati K, Nugroho SS, Nugroho H, Acob JR, Budiono A. Philosophy, Law, and Ethics of Handling COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 12 [cited 2023 Dec. 6];9(E):1104-8. Available from:



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