Intradialytic Exercise on Changes in Blood Pressure in Chronic Kidney Failure Patients during Hemodialysis Therapy
Keywords:Intradialytic exercise, Chronic kidney disease, Blood pressure, Hemodialysis
BACKGROUND: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a reduction in chronic renal function that leads to non-reversible and progressive kidney tissue damage. Blood pressure is a major risk factor that can increase the mortality rate by up to 20 times in patients with chronic renal failure who are undergoing hemodialysis therapy. Intradialytic exercise is an intervention that can be used to control systolic blood pressure.
AIM: This study was to analyze the effect of intradialytic exercise on changes in blood pressure in chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy at Indriati Solo Baru Hospital.
METHODS: The research method is quasi-experimental design pre-post with control group design. The study population was 97 dialysis patients. The sampling technique used a purposive sampling of 30 people. Data analysis using Paired t-Test.
RESULTS: The research results showed that the sex characteristics of most respondents were male as many as 17 people (56.7%), the average age of the respondents was 51.03 years, the pre-intervention in the control group obtained an average systolic blood pressure of 168.93 mmHg and 106 diastole, 120 mmHg, while the blood pressure in the control group post was 173.13 mmHg systole and 107 mmHg diastoles. In the treatment group, the average blood pressure in the pre-intradialytic exercise showed 162.20 mmHg systole and 104.27 mmHg diastole, while the post-intradialytic exercise system blood pressure was 153.13 mmHg and diastole 94.33 mmHg.
CONCLUSION: There is an effect of intradialytic exercise on changes in blood pressure in chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy at Indriati Solo Baru Hospital with a p-value of 0.025. Intradialytic exercise can be recommended as structured physical exercise therapy for hemodialysis therapy patients.
KEYWORDS: intradialytic exercise, chronic renal failure, patients, changes in blood pressure, hemodialysis
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