Preventing and Controlling Pneumonia among Under-Five Children: A Qualitative Study of Civil Society Organizations’ Roles in West Java and East Nusa Tenggara
Keywords:Community roles, Health, Pneumonia, Under-five children
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the leading cause of under-five children mortality in the world, including in Indonesia. Various programs were developed both nationally and internationally to overcome this disease. One of the programs is cross-sectorial collaboration and community involvement as part of pneumonia prevention and control programs, including the involvement of civil society organizations (CSO). However, the limited research has explored through the role of CSO in this program.
AIM: This study aimed to explore the roles of CSO in preventing and controlling the childhood pneumonia.
METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study interviewed 15 participants who were representatives of CSO in West Java and East Nusa Tenggara. These CSO have focused on health activities programs. In-depth interviews were conducted using semi-structured interview guides. Data were analyzed using the comparative analysis technique for qualitative descriptive research.
RESULTS: Three main themes have been found from the data analysis, including community empowerment and integrated actions to prevent childhood pneumonia, providing pneumonia services and advocacies to overcome childhood pneumonia, and the expectation versus challenges of CSO. The three themes showed that CSO have significant roles in various aspects of the prevention and control programs of under-five pneumonia.CONCLUSION: Various roles have been done by CSO. However, several functions were not performed optimally. Further research that was analyzing factors the influence CSO’s roles is needed as fundamental information to develop strategies in improving the functions of civil society organizations in childhood pneumonia.
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