Stunting Prevention with Education and Nutrition in Pregnant Women: A Review of Literature

Authors

  • Sukmawati Sukmawati Doctoral Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia; Department of Maternity, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4968-3570
  • Yanti Hermayanti Doctoral Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5265-5955
  • Eddy Fadlyana Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Henny Suzana Mediani Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2021.7314

Keywords:

Education, Pregnant women, Prevention of stunting, Nutrition

Abstract

Background : Stunting is a major nutritional problem in children under five years old which has an impact on slowing growth by reducing the number and development of body cells, including brain cells and other organs. Pregnant women are one of the groups who are vulnerable to nutritional problems, related to the process of growth and development of the fetus in the womb. The role of education and nutrition is important during pregnancy because it has implications for the health of mothers and children in later life. The aimed of this review was to identify research about effect stunting prevention and education and nutrition to pregnant women.

Methods : A database review undertaken using Pubmed, CHINAHL and Google Scholar from 2011-2021 to collect focused study on education and nutrition research on pregnant women to prevent stunting. A total of 1788 articles were identified. These were scaned and 18 articles were retrieved with 13 articles shortlisted for to in depth review.

Results : Education with using audiovisual media, moringa leaf ice cream and early nutrition has proved effective in increasing pregnant women knowledge regarding stunting prevention. Providing nutritional supplements/nutrients for moringa oliefera, folic acid and iron, specific nutrition, LNS, PM2A PROCOMIDA, nutrition before pregnancy, supplements antenatal iron and folic acid, prenatal micronutrients have an effect on reducing children stunting.

Conclusion: Audio visual education can convery health knowledge because easily to facilitate the reception of health message for pregnant women. Continuous education and monitoring of the of pregnant women diet every month during pregnancy classes at the posyandu are needed to prevent stunting in children.

 

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Published

2021-10-15

How to Cite

1.
Sukmawati S, Hermayanti Y, Fadlyana E, Mediani HS. Stunting Prevention with Education and Nutrition in Pregnant Women: A Review of Literature. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 15 [cited 2021 Dec. 4];9(T6):12-9. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7314