Biological Markers of Training Level among Qualified Greco-Roman Wrestlers
Keywords:Greco-Roman wrestlers, Markers, Adaptation, Training loads, Pre-competition training
BACKGROUND: The article presents the dynamics of biochemical indicators showing the tension of body functional systems in qualified Greco-Roman wrestlers at the pre-competition stage. Biochemical indicators can be regarded as the markers of training level, as a reflection of adaptive changes during performing training loads.
AIM: The study aims to examine the adaptive reactions of body internal systems in wrestlers to the load performed at the stage of pre-competition training.
METHODS: The methodological basis of the study is the examination of the reaction of body functional systems in wrestlers (n = 24) in response to the load performed at the stage of pre-competition training. The basis of the studied indicators of wrestlers’ organisms is the dynamics of the enzymatic activity (ALT and AST), the activity of creatine phosphokinase, and the balance of anabolic and catabolic processes in the course of a 2-week macrocycle of the pre-competition training.
RESULTS: A high level of enzymatic activity (ALT and AST) was noted as the response to shock training load in the first and the second training macrocycles against the background of a negative trend during the entire sports event, which indicates a directed decrease in the heart’s tension muscle, being an indicator of adaptive changes occurring in wrestlers’ body energy. The high variability of AST indicators on the first day and creatine phosphokinase throughout the entire pre-competition training pointed out an individual level of adaptive reactions of the athletes’ bodies in response to the training load taken.CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study have shown notable dynamics in the indicators of the enzymatic activity of AST, creatine phosphokinase, and the hormone cortisol in a series of shock training loads, as the response to adaptive changes in body energy systems, the value of which should be considered during the pre-competition training.
Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block
Rabbani A, Baseri MK, Reisi J, Clemente FM, Kargarfard M. Monitoring collegiate soccer players during a congested match schedule: Heart rate variability versus subjective wellness measures. Physiol Behav. 2018;194:527-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.07.001 PMid:29981763 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.07.001
Mishchenko IA, Volynskaya EV, Korobova SA. Functional state monitoring in taekwondo athletes by means of heart rate variability in the pre-competition period. Human Sport Med. 2021;21(2):42-50.
Tibana RA, de Sousa NM, Prestes J, Feito Y, Ernesto C, Voltarelli FA. Monitoring training load, well-being, heart rate variability, and competitive performance of a functional-fitness female athlete: A case study. Sports. 2019;7(2):35. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7020035 PMid:30744103 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7020035
Pokhachevskiy АL, Lapkin MM, Birchenko NS, Pokhachevskiy DА, Pozhimalin VN, Gadzhimuradov FR, et al. Prognostic potential of exercise cardiac rhythmogram during period. Human Sport Med. 2018;18(1):46-59. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm180104 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm180104
Potapov VN, Rybakov VV, Antropova EV. Individualization in the system of training of elite weightlifters based on biochemical criteria of the body state assessment. Human Sport Med. 2017;17(1):87-91. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170109
Terzi MS, Lekontsev EV, Saraykin DA, Pavlov VI, Kamskova YG. Molecular genetic determination of functional performance of combatants of different skill levels. Theory Pract Phys Cult. 2016;7:21-4.
Samikulin PN, Gryaznikh AV, Kuchin RV, Nenenko ND. Changes in heart rate variability in response to muscular load and their correlation with the concentration of steroid hormones in young males with different training specifics. Human Sport Med. 2018;18(1):33-45. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm180103 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm180103
Souza RA, Beltran OA, Zapata DM, Silva E, Freitas WZ, Junior RV, et al. Heart rate variability, salivary cortisol and competitive state anxiety responses during pre-competition and pre-training moments. Biol Sport. 2019;36(1):39-46. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2018.78905 PMid:30899138 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2018.78905
Çınar V, Talaghir LG, Akbulut T, Turgut M, Sarikaya M. The effects of the zinc supplementation and weight trainings on the testosterone levels. Human Sport Med. 2017;17(4):58-63. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170407 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170407
Izov N, Alexandrova A, Petrov L, Kachaunov M, Sheytanova T, Kolimechkov S. Dynamics of training distress, performance, and excretion of cortisol and cortisone in urine during six weeks of training in elite swimmers. Human Sport Med. 2020;20(S1):84-91. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm20s111 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm20s111
Samikulin PN, Gryaznykh AV. Changes of cortisol values in young men with different levels of physical fitness during recovery after submaximal muscular load. Human Sport Med. 2017;17(1):5-13. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170101 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170101
Turbasova NV, Bulygin AS, Revnivykh IY, Karpov NV, Elifanov AV. Anxiety level and parameters of the cardiovascular system in athletes of various qualifications. Human Sport Med. 2019;19(4):14-9. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm190402 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm190402
Saraykin DA, Bacherikov EL, Kamskova YG, Pavlova VI. Study of physiological indicators of taekwondo athletes in sensory conflict. Theory Pract Phys Cult. 2017;12:62-4.
Kornyakova VV, Sautkin YA, Zabolotnykh MV, Konway VD, Stepanova IP, Ashvits IV, et al. Thyroid status during physical exertion. Intern J Appl Fundam Res. 2018;5(1):175-9.
Sagliocchi S, Cicatiello AG, Di Cicco E, Ambrosio R, Miro C, Di Girolamo D. The thyroid hormone activating enzyme, Type 2 deiodinase, induces myogenic differentiation by regulating mitochondrial metabolism and reducing oxidative stress. Redox Biol. 2019;24:101228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2019.101228 PMid:31153038 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2019.101228
Korzhenevsky AN, Klendar VA, Kurguzov GV, Tarasova LV. The use of complex diagnostics for assessing the fitness of weightlifters. Human Sport Med. 2019;19(S2):45-50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm19s206
Tarasova LV, Korzhenevsky AN, Tarasov PY. Leading indicators of the training of qualified weightlifters at the stage of pre-competitive training. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Volga Conference on Economics, Humanities and Sports (FICEHS 2019). Kazan, Russia: Atlantis Press; 2019. p. 734-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200114.173
Agostinho MF, Philippe AG, Marcolino GS, Pereira ER, Busso T, Candau R, et al. Perceived training intensity and performance changes quantification in judo. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(6):1570-7. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000777 PMid:25436630 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000777
Aminov AS, Kokin VY, Leshukov VS, Shakhovskiy AP. Boxer’s readiness to a fight in the deficiency of time. Human Sport Med. 2018;18(S):120-4. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm18s17 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm180517
Manolachi VG, Potop V, Manolachi VV, Dorgan VP. Planning of effort parameters in the training of elite male judo athletes. Hum Sport Med. 2021;21(2):162-73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/13.1/366
Saraykin DA, Epishev VV, Pavlova VI, Kamskova YG. Dynamical changes in postural balance of vertical position in elite taekwondo practitioners within a full-year macrocycle. Hum Sport Med. 2017;17(3):25-34. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170303 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm170303
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Khoren Tonoyan, Lyubov Tarasova, Alexander Korzhenevskiy (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.